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iFrame src change event detection?

Posted by: admin November 7, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Assuming I have no control over the content in the iframe, is there any way that I can detect a src change in it via the parent page? Some sort of onload maybe?

My last resort is to do a 1 second interval test if the iframe src is the same as it was before, but doing this hacky solution would suck.

I’m using the jQuery library if it helps.

Answers:

You may want to use the onLoad event, as in the following example:

<iframe src="http://www.google.com/" onLoad="alert('Test');"></iframe>

The alert will pop-up whenever the location within the iframe changes. It works in all modern browsers, but may not work in some very older browsers like IE5 and early Opera. (Source)

If the iframe is showing a page within the same domain of the parent, you would be able to access the location with contentWindow.location, as in the following example:

<iframe src="/test.html" onLoad="alert(this.contentWindow.location);"></iframe>

Questions:
Answers:
$('#iframeid').load(function(){
    alert('frame has (re)loaded');
});

Questions:
Answers:

If you have no control over the page and wish to watch for some kind of change then the modern method is to use MutationObserver

An example of its use, watching for the src attribute to change of an iframe

new MutationObserver(function(mutations) {
  mutations.some(function(mutation) {
    if (mutation.type === 'attributes' && mutation.attributeName === 'src') {
      console.log(mutation);
      console.log('Old src: ', mutation.oldValue);
      console.log('New src: ', mutation.target.src);
      return true;
    }

    return false;
  });
}).observe(document.body, {
  attributes: true,
  attributeFilter: ['src'],
  attributeOldValue: true,
  characterData: false,
  characterDataOldValue: false,
  childList: false,
  subtree: true
});

setTimeout(function() {
  document.getElementsByTagName('iframe')[0].src = 'http://jsfiddle.net/';
}, 3000);
<iframe src="http://www.google.com"></iframe>

Output after 3 seconds

MutationRecord {oldValue: "http://www.google.com", attributeNamespace: null, attributeName: "src", nextSibling: null, previousSibling: null…}
Old src:  http://www.google.com
New src:  http://jsfiddle.net/ 

On jsFiddle

Posted answer here as original question was closed as a duplicate of this one.

Questions:
Answers:

Here is the method which is used in Commerce SagePay and in Commerce Paypoint Drupal modules which basically compares document.location.href with the old value by first loading its own iframe, then external one.

So basically the idea is to load the blank page as a placeholder with its own JS code and hidden form. Then parent JS code will submit that hidden form where its #action points to the external iframe. Once the redirect/submit happens, the JS code which still running on that page can track your document.location.href value changes.

Here is example JS used in iframe:

;(function($) {
  Drupal.behaviors.commercePayPointIFrame = {
    attach: function (context, settings) {
      if (top.location != location) {
        $('html').hide();
        top.location.href = document.location.href;
      }
    }
  }
})(jQuery);

And here is JS used in parent page:

;(function($) {
  /**
   * Automatically submit the hidden form that points to the iframe.
   */
  Drupal.behaviors.commercePayPoint = {
    attach: function (context, settings) {
      $('div.payment-redirect-form form', context).submit();
      $('div.payment-redirect-form #edit-submit', context).hide();
      $('div.payment-redirect-form .checkout-help', context).hide();
    }
  }
})(jQuery);

Then in temporary blank landing page you need to include the form which will redirect to the external page.

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Answers:

The iframe always keeps the parent page, you should use this to detect in which page you are in the iframe:

Html code:

<iframe id="iframe" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" onload="resizeIframe(this)" width="100%" src="www.google.com"></iframe>

Js:

    function resizeIframe(obj) {
        alert(obj.contentWindow.location.pathname);
    }