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image – Android load drawable programmatically and resize it

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment


How can I load drawable from InputStream (assets, file system) and resize it dynamically based on the screen resolution hdpi, mdpi or ldpi?

The original image is in hdpi, I only need resizing for mdpi and ldpi.

How does Android do dynamic resizing of the drawables in /res?

How to&Answers:

This is nice and easy (the other answers weren’t working for me), found here:

  ImageView iv = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
  Bitmap bMap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(), R.drawable.picture);
  Bitmap bMapScaled = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(bMap, newWidth, newHeight, true);

Android documentation is available here.


Found it:

   * Loads image from file system.
   * @param context the application context
   * @param filename the filename of the image
   * @param originalDensity the density of the image, it will be automatically
   * resized to the device density
   * @return image drawable or null if the image is not found or IO error occurs
  public static Drawable loadImageFromFilesystem(Context context, String filename, int originalDensity) {
    Drawable drawable = null;
    InputStream is = null;

    // set options to resize the image
    Options opts = new BitmapFactory.Options();
    opts.inDensity = originalDensity;

    try {
      is = context.openFileInput(filename);
      drawable = Drawable.createFromResourceStream(context.getResources(), null, is, filename, opts);         
    } catch (Exception e) {
      // handle
    } finally {
      if (is != null) {
        try {
        } catch (Exception e1) {
          // log
    return drawable;

Use like this:

loadImageFromFilesystem(context, filename, DisplayMetrics.DENSITY_MEDIUM);


If you want to display an image but unfortunately this image is of large size, lets example, you want to display an image in 30 by 30 format, then check its size if it is greater than your require size, then divide it by your amount(30*30 here in this case), and what you got is again take and use for dividing the image area again.

drawable = this.getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.pirImg);
int width = drawable.getIntrinsicWidth();
int height = drawable.getIntrinsicHeight();
if (width > 30)//means if the size of an image is greater than 30*30
  width = drawable.getIntrinsicWidth() / 30;
  height = drawable.getIntrinsicWidth() / 30;

    0, 0, 
    drawable.getIntrinsicWidth() / width, 
    drawable.getIntrinsicHeight() / height);

//and now add the modified image in your overlay


after you load your picture and set it to imageview
you can use layoutparamsto size your image to match_parent

like this

android.view.ViewGroup.LayoutParams layoutParams = imageView.getLayoutParams();
layoutParams.width =MATCH_PARENT;
layoutParams.height =MATCH_PARENT;