Home » c# » In c# is there a method to find the max of 3 numbers?

In c# is there a method to find the max of 3 numbers?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Like Math.Max but takes 3 or params of int?

thanks

Answers:

Well, you can just call it twice:

int max3 = Math.Max(x, Math.Max(y, z));

If you find yourself doing this a lot, you could always write your own helper method… I would be happy enough seeing this in my code base once, but not regularly.

(Note that this is likely to be more efficient than Andrew’s LINQ-based answer – but obviously the more elements you have the more appealing the LINQ approach is.)

EDIT: A “best of both worlds” approach might be to have a custom set of methods either way:

public static class MoreMath
{
    // This method only exists for consistency, so you can *always* call
    // MoreMath.Max instead of alternating between MoreMath.Max and Math.Max
    // depending on your argument count.
    public static int Max(int x, int y)
    {
        return Math.Max(x, y);
    }

    public static int Max(int x, int y, int z)
    {
        // Or inline it as x < y ? (y < z ? z : y) : (x < z ? z : x);
        // Time it before micro-optimizing though!
        return Math.Max(x, Math.Max(y, z));
    }

    public static int Max(int w, int x, int y, int z)
    {
        return Math.Max(w, Math.Max(x, Math.Max(y, z)));
    }

    public static int Max(params int[] values)
    {
        return Enumerable.Max(values);
    }
}

That way you can write MoreMath.Max(1, 2, 3) or MoreMath.Max(1, 2, 3, 4) without the overhead of array creation, but still write MoreMath.Max(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) for nice readable and consistent code when you don’t mind the overhead.

I personally find that more readable than the explicit array creation of the LINQ approach.

Questions:
Answers:

You could use Enumerable.Max:

new [] { 1, 2, 3 }.Max();

Questions:
Answers:

Linq has a Max function.

If you have an IEnumerable<int> you can call this directly, but if you require these in separate parameters you could create a function like this:

using System.Linq;

...

static int Max(params int[] numbers)
{
    return numbers.Max();
}

Then you could call it like this: max(1, 6, 2), it allows for an arbitrary number of parameters.

Questions:
Answers:

As generic

public static T Min<T>(params T[] values) {
    return values.Min();
}

public static T Max<T>(params T[] values) {
    return values.Max();
}

Questions:
Answers:

off topic but here is the formula for middle value.. just in case someone is looking for it

Math.Min(Math.Min(Math.Max(x,y), Math.Max(y,z)), Math.Max(x,z));

Questions:
Answers:

Let’s assume that You have a List<int> intList = new List<int>{1,2,3} if You want to get a max value You could do

int maxValue = intList.Max();

Questions:
Answers:

If, for whatever reason (e.g. Space Engineers API), System.array has no definition for Max nor do you have access to Enumerable, a solution for Max (or Min) of n values is:

public int Max(int[] values) {
    if(values.Length < 1) {
        return 0;
    }
    if(values.Length < 2) {
        return values[0];
    }
    if(values.Length < 3) {
       return Math.Max(values[0], values[1]); 
    }
    int runningMax = values[0];
    for(int i=1; i<values.Length - 1; i++) {
       runningMax = Math.Max(runningMax, values[i]);
    }
    return runningMax;
}