Home » Ruby » In Ruby, how do I skip a loop in a .each loop, similar to 'continue' [duplicate]

In Ruby, how do I skip a loop in a .each loop, similar to 'continue' [duplicate]

Posted by: admin November 26, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

This question already has an answer here:

Answers:

Use next:

(1..10).each do |a|
  next if a.even?
  puts a
end

prints:

1
3   
5
7
9

For additional coolness check out also redo and retry.

Works also for friends like times, upto, downto, each_with_index, select, map and other iterators (and more generally blocks).

For more info see http://ruby-doc.org/docs/ProgrammingRuby/html/tut_expressions.html#UL.

Questions:
Answers:

next – it’s like return, but for blocks! (So you can use this in any proc/lambda too.)

That means you can also say next n to “return” n from the block. For instance:

puts [1, 2, 3].map do |e|
  next 42 if e == 2
  e
end.inject(&:+)

This will yield 46.

Note that return always returns from the closest def, and never a block; if there’s no surrounding def, returning is an error.

Using return from within a block intentionally can be confusing. For instance:

def my_fun
  [1, 2, 3].map do |e|
    return "Hello." if e == 2
    e
  end
end

my_fun will result in "Hello.", not [1, "Hello.", 2], because the return keyword pertains to the outer def, not the inner block.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *