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Increment field of mysql database using codeigniter's active record syntax

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have the following php-codeigniter script which attempts to increment a field of a record using active-record syntax:

$data = array('votes' => '(votes + 1)');
$this->db->where('id', $post['identifier']);
$this->db->update('users', $data);

This produces the following SQL:

"UPDATEusersSETvotes= '(votes + 1)' WHEREid= '44'

Which doesn’t run, but this SQL does do what I’m looking for:
"UPDATEusersSETvotes= (votes + 1) WHEREid= '44'“` <–Note the lack of quotes around (votes + 1)

Does anyone know how to implement this type of query with codeigniter’s active record syntax?

Answers:

You can do as given below:

$this->db->where('id', $post['identifier']);
$this->db->set('votes', 'votes+1', FALSE);
$this->db->update('users');

The reason this works is because the third (optional) FALSE parameter tells CodeIgniter not to protect the generated query with backticks ('). This means that the generated SQL will be:

UPDATE users SET votes= votes + 1 WHERE id= '44'

If you notice, the backticks are removed from '(votes+1)', which produces the desired effect of incrementing the votes attribute by 1.

Questions:
Answers:
$data = array('votes' => 'votes + 1');

foreach ($data as $key=>$val) {
    $this->db->set($key, $val, FALSE);
}

$this->db->where('id', $post['identifier']);
$this->db->update('users', $data);