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indexOf and lastIndexOf in PHP?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

In Java, we can use indexOf and lastIndexOf. Since those functions don’t exist in PHP, what would be the PHP equivalent of this Java code?

if(req_type.equals("RMT"))
    pt_password = message.substring(message.indexOf("-")+1);
else 
    pt_password = message.substring(message.indexOf("-")+1,message.lastIndexOf("-"));
How to&Answers:

You need the following functions to do this in PHP:

strpos Find the position of the first occurrence of a substring in a string

strrpos Find the position of the last occurrence of a substring in a string

substr Return part of a string

Here’s the signature of the substr function:

string substr ( string $string , int $start [, int $length ] )

The signature of the substring function (Java) looks a bit different:

string substring( int beginIndex, int endIndex )

substring (Java) expects the end-index as the last parameter, but substr (PHP) expects a length.

It’s not hard, to get the desired length by the end-index in PHP:

$sub = substr($str, $start, $end - $start);

Here is the working code

$start = strpos($message, '-') + 1;
if ($req_type === 'RMT') {
    $pt_password = substr($message, $start);
}
else {
    $end = strrpos($message, '-');
    $pt_password = substr($message, $start, $end - $start);
}

Answer:

In php:

  • stripos() function is used to find the position of the first occurrence of a case-insensitive substring in a string.

  • strripos() function is used to find the position of the last occurrence of a case-insensitive substring in a string.

Sample code:

$string = 'This is a string';
$substring ='i';
$firstIndex = stripos($string, $substring);
$lastIndex = strripos($string, $substring);

echo 'Fist index = ' . $firstIndex . ' ' . 'Last index = '. $lastIndex;

Output: Fist index = 2 Last index = 13

Answer:

<?php
// sample array
$fruits3 = [
    "iron",
    1,
    "ascorbic",
    "potassium",
    "ascorbic",
    2,
    "2",
    "1",
];

// Let's say we are looking for the item "ascorbic", in the above array

//a PHP function matching indexOf() from JS
echo(array_search("ascorbic", $fruits3, true)); //returns "2"

// a PHP function matching lastIndexOf() from JS world
function lastIndexOf($needle, $arr)
{
    return array_search($needle, array_reverse($arr, true), true);
}

echo(lastIndexOf("ascorbic", $fruits3)); //returns "4"

// so these (above) are the two ways to run a function similar to indexOf and lastIndexOf()

Answer:

This is the best way to do it, very simple.

$msg = "Hello this is a string";
$first_index_of_i = stripos($msg,'i');
$last_index_of_i = strripos($msg, 'i');

echo "First i : " . $first_index_of_i . PHP_EOL ."Last i : " . $last_index_of_i;