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Java / Android – How to print out a full stack trace?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

In Android (Java) how do I print out a full stack trace? If my application crashes from nullPointerException or something, it prints out a (almost) full stack trace like so:

java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
com.android.music.sync.common.SoftSyncException: java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.getChangesFromServerAsDom(MusicSyncAdapter.java:545)
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.fetchDataFromServer(MusicSyncAdapter.java:488)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.download(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:417)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.innerPerformSync(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:313)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.onPerformLoggedSync(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:243)
    at com.google.android.common.LoggingThreadedSyncAdapter.onPerformSync(LoggingThreadedSyncAdapter.java:33)
    at android.content.AbstractThreadedSyncAdapter$SyncThread.run(AbstractThreadedSyncAdapter.java:164)
Caused by: java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
    at org.apache.http.impl.io.ChunkedInputStream.read(ChunkedInputStream.java:148)
    at org.apache.http.conn.EofSensorInputStream.read(EofSensorInputStream.java:159)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.readFully(GZIPInputStream.java:212)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.<init>(GZIPInputStream.java:81)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.<init>(GZIPInputStream.java:64)
    at android.net.http.AndroidHttpClient.getUngzippedContent(AndroidHttpClient.java:218)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.createAndExecuteMethod(MusicApiClientImpl.java:312)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.getItems(MusicApiClientImpl.java:588)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.getTracks(MusicApiClientImpl.java:638)
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.getChangesFromServerAsDom(MusicSyncAdapter.java:512)
    ... 6 more

However sometimes, for debugging purposes, I want to log a full stack trace from where I am in the code. I figured I could just do this:

StackTraceElement trace = new Exception().getStackTrace();
Log.d("myapp", trace.toString());

But this just prints out the pointer to the object… Do I have to iterate through all the stack trace elements to print them out? Or is there a simple method to print it all out?

How to&Answers:

There’s overrides of all the log methods with (String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) signatures.

Passing an exception as the third parameter should give you the full stacktrace in logcat.

Answer:

The following should do the trick:

Log.d("myapp", Log.getStackTraceString(new Exception()));

Note that ...x more at the end does not cut off any information from the stack trace:

(This indicates) that the remainder of the stack trace for this exception matches the indicated number of frames from the bottom of the stack trace of the exception that was caused by this exception (the “enclosing” exception).

…or in other words, replace x more with the last x lines from the first exception.

Answer:

Use Log.getStackTraceString(Throwable t). You can get longer stack traces by digging deeper. For example:

try {
    ...
} catch(Exception e) {
    Log.d("Some tag", Log.getStackTraceString(e.getCause().getCause()));
}

Retreived from http://developer.android.com/reference/android/util/Log.html#getStackTraceString%28java.lang.Throwable%29

Answer:

private static String buildStackTraceString(final StackTraceElement[] elements) {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    if (elements != null && elements.length > 0) {
        for (StackTraceElement element : elements) {
            sb.append(element.toString());
        }
    }
    return sb.toString();
}


// call this at your check point
Log.d(TAG, buildStackTraceString(Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()));

Answer:

You may use this:

public static String toString(StackTraceElement[] stackTraceElements) {
    if (stackTraceElements == null)
        return "";
    StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
    for (StackTraceElement element : stackTraceElements)
        stringBuilder.append(element.toString()).append("\n");
    return stringBuilder.toString();
}

Answer:

You can also print a stack trace at any point in your app code using methods such as Thread.dumpStack()

Please go through the link for more details

Answer:

You need use Throwable Object to get the full stackTrace.

try{
 // code here
}catch(Exception e){
    String exception = getStackTrace(e);
}

public static String getStackTrace(final Throwable throwable) {
     final StringWriter sw = new StringWriter();
     final PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(sw, true);
     throwable.printStackTrace(pw);
     return sw.getBuffer().toString();
}

Ref: https://stackoverflow.com/a/18546861