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Java / Android – How to print out a full stack trace?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

In Android (Java) how do I print out a full stack trace? If my application crashes from nullPointerException or something, it prints out a (almost) full stack trace like so:

java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
com.android.music.sync.common.SoftSyncException: java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.getChangesFromServerAsDom(MusicSyncAdapter.java:545)
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.fetchDataFromServer(MusicSyncAdapter.java:488)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.download(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:417)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.innerPerformSync(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:313)
    at com.android.music.sync.common.AbstractSyncAdapter.onPerformLoggedSync(AbstractSyncAdapter.java:243)
    at com.google.android.common.LoggingThreadedSyncAdapter.onPerformSync(LoggingThreadedSyncAdapter.java:33)
    at android.content.AbstractThreadedSyncAdapter$SyncThread.run(AbstractThreadedSyncAdapter.java:164)
Caused by: java.io.IOException: Attempted read from closed stream.
    at org.apache.http.impl.io.ChunkedInputStream.read(ChunkedInputStream.java:148)
    at org.apache.http.conn.EofSensorInputStream.read(EofSensorInputStream.java:159)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.readFully(GZIPInputStream.java:212)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.<init>(GZIPInputStream.java:81)
    at java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.<init>(GZIPInputStream.java:64)
    at android.net.http.AndroidHttpClient.getUngzippedContent(AndroidHttpClient.java:218)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.createAndExecuteMethod(MusicApiClientImpl.java:312)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.getItems(MusicApiClientImpl.java:588)
    at com.android.music.sync.api.MusicApiClientImpl.getTracks(MusicApiClientImpl.java:638)
    at com.android.music.sync.google.MusicSyncAdapter.getChangesFromServerAsDom(MusicSyncAdapter.java:512)
    ... 6 more

However sometimes, for debugging purposes, I want to log a full stack trace from where I am in the code. I figured I could just do this:

StackTraceElement trace = new Exception().getStackTrace();
Log.d("myapp", trace.toString());

But this just prints out the pointer to the object… Do I have to iterate through all the stack trace elements to print them out? Or is there a simple method to print it all out?

Answers:

There’s overrides of all the log methods with (String tag, String msg, Throwable tr) signatures.

Passing an exception as the third parameter should give you the full stacktrace in logcat.

Questions:
Answers:

The following should do the trick:

Log.d("myapp", Log.getStackTraceString(new Exception()));

Questions:
Answers:

Use Log.getStackTraceString(Throwable t). You can get longer stack traces by digging deeper. For example:

try {
    ...
} catch(Exception e) {
    Log.d("Some tag", Log.getStackTraceString(e.getCause().getCause()));
}

Retreived from http://developer.android.com/reference/android/util/Log.html#getStackTraceString%28java.lang.Throwable%29

Questions:
Answers:

You may use this:

public static String toString(StackTraceElement[] stackTraceElements) {
    if (stackTraceElements == null)
        return "";
    StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
    for (StackTraceElement element : stackTraceElements)
        stringBuilder.append(element.toString()).append("\n");
    return stringBuilder.toString();
}

Questions:
Answers:
private static String buildStackTraceString(final StackTraceElement[] elements) {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    if (elements != null && elements.length > 0) {
        for (StackTraceElement element : elements) {
            sb.append(element.toString());
        }
    }
    return sb.toString();
}


// call this at your check point
Log.d(TAG, buildStackTraceString(Thread.currentThread().getStackTrace()));