Home » Android » java – Android preferences onclick event

java – Android preferences onclick event

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

In my preferences.xml I have a preference element like this:

<Preference android:title="About" />

I want to assign onClick event, so if user would click on it, I would be able to do open new Intent or browser. I tried to do it like I do with buttons, but this not seem to work.

How to&Answers:

Badr,

You need to set android:key for the item, Then in your code you can do…

Assuming you use the following in your XML:

<Preference android:title="About" android:key="myKey"></Preference>

Then you can do the following in your code:

Preference myPref = (Preference) findPreference("myKey");
myPref.setOnPreferenceClickListener(new OnPreferenceClickListener() {
             public boolean onPreferenceClick(Preference preference) {
                 //open browser or intent here
                 return true;
             }
         });

Answer:

to launch a website:

<PreferenceScreen android:title="website">
    <intent
        android:action="android.intent.action.VIEW"
        android:data="http://www.example.com"
        />
</PreferenceScreen>

to launch a specific activity:

<PreferenceScreen android:title="something">
    <intent
        android:action="android.intent.action.MAIN"
        android:targetPackage="com.example.foo"
        android:targetClass="com.example.foo.SomeActivity"
        />
</PreferenceScreen>

you can also use “android:mimetype” to set the mimetype.

Answer:

You need to use onPreferenceTreeClick event.

For example see http://www.javased.com/index.php?source_dir=platform_packages_apps_phone/src/com/android/phone/MobileNetworkSettings.java

 @Override 
    public boolean onPreferenceTreeClick(PreferenceScreen preferenceScreen, Preference preference) { 
        /** TODO: Refactor and get rid of the if's using subclasses */ 
        if (mGsmUmtsOptions != null && 
                mGsmUmtsOptions.preferenceTreeClick(preference) == true) { 
            return true; 
        } else if (mCdmaOptions != null && 
                   mCdmaOptions.preferenceTreeClick(preference) == true) { 
            if (Boolean.parseBoolean( 
                    SystemProperties.get(TelephonyProperties.PROPERTY_INECM_MODE))) { 

                mClickedPreference = preference; 

                // In ECM mode launch ECM app dialog 
                startActivityForResult( 
                    new Intent(TelephonyIntents.ACTION_SHOW_NOTICE_ECM_BLOCK_OTHERS, null), 
                    REQUEST_CODE_EXIT_ECM); 
            } 
            return true; 
        } else if (preference == mButtonPreferredNetworkMode) { 
            //displays the value taken from the Settings.System 
            int settingsNetworkMode = android.provider.Settings.Secure.getInt(mPhone.getContext(). 
                    getContentResolver(), android.provider.Settings.Secure.PREFERRED_NETWORK_MODE, 
                    preferredNetworkMode); 
            mButtonPreferredNetworkMode.setValue(Integer.toString(settingsNetworkMode)); 
            return true; 
        } else if (preference == mButtonDataRoam) { 
            if (DBG) log("onPreferenceTreeClick: preference == mButtonDataRoam."); 

            //normally called on the toggle click 
            if (mButtonDataRoam.isChecked()) { 
                // First confirm with a warning dialog about charges 
                mOkClicked = false; 
                new AlertDialog.Builder(this).setMessage( 
                        getResources().getString(R.string.roaming_warning)) 
                        .setTitle(android.R.string.dialog_alert_title) 
                        .setIconAttribute(android.R.attr.alertDialogIcon) 
                        .setPositiveButton(android.R.string.yes, this) 
                        .setNegativeButton(android.R.string.no, this) 
                        .show() 
                        .setOnDismissListener(this); 
            } else { 
                mPhone.setDataRoamingEnabled(false); 
            } 
            return true; 
        } else if (preference == mButtonDataEnabled) { 
            if (DBG) log("onPreferenceTreeClick: preference == mButtonDataEnabled."); 
            ConnectivityManager cm = 
                    (ConnectivityManager)getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE); 

            cm.setMobileDataEnabled(mButtonDataEnabled.isChecked()); 
            return true; 
        } else if (preference == mLteDataServicePref) { 
            String tmpl = android.provider.Settings.Secure.getString(getContentResolver(), 
                        android.provider.Settings.Secure.SETUP_PREPAID_DATA_SERVICE_URL); 
            if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(tmpl)) { 
                TelephonyManager tm = (TelephonyManager) getSystemService( 
                        Context.TELEPHONY_SERVICE); 
                String imsi = tm.getSubscriberId(); 
                if (imsi == null) { 
                    imsi = ""; 
                } 
                final String url = TextUtils.isEmpty(tmpl) ? null 
                        : TextUtils.expandTemplate(tmpl, imsi).toString(); 
                Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse(url)); 
                startActivity(intent); 
            } else { 
                android.util.Log.e(LOG_TAG, "Missing SETUP_PREPAID_DATA_SERVICE_URL"); 
            } 
            return true; 
        } else { 
            // if the button is anything but the simple toggle preference, 
            // we'll need to disable all preferences to reject all click 
            // events until the sub-activity's UI comes up. 
            preferenceScreen.setEnabled(false); 
            // Let the intents be launched by the Preference manager 
            return false; 
        } 
    } 

Answer:

A followup on @jason gilbert’s answer

I’m on targetSdkVersion 25, and his answer didn’t work, I had to wrap the intent tag with a Preference tag. Example:

<PreferenceScreen android:title="something">
    <Preference title="Title">
       <intent
       android:action="android.intent.action.MAIN"
       android:targetPackage="com.example.foo"
       android:targetClass="com.example.foo.SomeActivity"
       />
    </Preference>
</PreferenceScreen>

Answer:

2018 UPDATE
Today, the findPreference method is depricated. So, to achieve this, just override the onPreferenceTreeClick method in your Preference fragment. For example:

public class MySettingsFragment extends PreferenceFragment {

    @Override
    public boolean onPreferenceTreeClick (PreferenceScreen preferenceScreen,
                                          Preference preference)
    {
        String key = preference.getKey();
        if(key.equals("someKey")){
            // do your work
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
}