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java – Android RecyclerView addition & removal of items

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a RecyclerView with an TextView text box and a cross button ImageView. I have a button outside of the recyclerview that makes the cross button ImageView visible / gone.

I’m looking to remove an item from the recylerview, when that items cross button ImageView is pressed.

My adapter:

public class MyAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<MyAdapter.ViewHolder> implements View.OnClickListener, View.OnLongClickListener {

    private ArrayList<String> mDataset;
    private static Context sContext;

    public MyAdapter(Context context, ArrayList<String> myDataset) {
        mDataset = myDataset;
        sContext = context;
    }

    @Override
    public MyAdapter.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent,int viewType) {
        View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.my_text_view, parent, false);

        ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v);
        holder.mNameTextView.setOnClickListener(MyAdapter.this);
        holder.mNameTextView.setOnLongClickListener(MyAdapter.this);

        holder.mNameTextView.setTag(holder);

        return holder;
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int position) {

        holder.mNameTextView.setText(mDataset.get(position));

    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mDataset.size();
    }


    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        ViewHolder holder = (ViewHolder) view.getTag();
        if (view.getId() == holder.mNameTextView.getId()) {
            Toast.makeText(sContext, holder.mNameTextView.getText(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }


    @Override
    public boolean onLongClick(View view) {
        ViewHolder holder = (ViewHolder) view.getTag();
        if (view.getId() == holder.mNameTextView.getId()) {
            mDataset.remove(holder.getPosition());

            notifyDataSetChanged();

            Toast.makeText(sContext, "Item " + holder.mNameTextView.getText() + " has been removed from list",
                    Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
        return false;
    }

    public static class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        public TextView mNumberRowTextView;
        public TextView mNameTextView;


        public ViewHolder(View v) {
            super(v);

            mNameTextView = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.nameTextView);
        }
    }
}

My layout is:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    android:id="@+id/layout">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/nameTextView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        android:padding="5dp"
        android:background="@drawable/greyline"/>

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/crossButton"
        android:layout_width="16dp"
        android:layout_height="16dp"
        android:visibility="gone"
        android:layout_marginLeft="50dp"
        android:src="@drawable/cross" />
</LinearLayout>

How can I get something like an onClick working for my crossButton ImageView? Is there a better way? Maybe changing the whole item onclick into a remove the item? The recyclerview shows a list of locations that need to be edited. Any technical advice or comments / suggestions on best implementation would be hugely appreciated.

How to&Answers:

I have done something similar.
In your MyAdapter:

public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder implements View.OnClickListener{
    public CardView mCardView;
    public TextView mTextViewTitle;
    public TextView mTextViewContent;
    public ImageView mImageViewContentPic;

    public ImageView imgViewRemoveIcon;
    public ViewHolder(View v) {
        super(v);
        mCardView = (CardView) v.findViewById(R.id.card_view);
        mTextViewTitle = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.item_title);
        mTextViewContent = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.item_content);
        mImageViewContentPic = (ImageView) v.findViewById(R.id.item_content_pic);
        //......
        imgViewRemoveIcon = (ImageView) v.findViewById(R.id.remove_icon);

        mTextViewContent.setOnClickListener(this);
        imgViewRemoveIcon.setOnClickListener(this);
        v.setOnClickListener(this);
        mTextViewContent.setOnLongClickListener(new View.OnLongClickListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onLongClick(View view) {
                if (mItemClickListener != null) {
                    mItemClickListener.onItemClick(view, getPosition());
                }
                return false;
            }
        });
    }


    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        //Log.d("View: ", v.toString());
        //Toast.makeText(v.getContext(), mTextViewTitle.getText() + " position = " + getPosition(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        if(v.equals(imgViewRemoveIcon)){
            removeAt(getPosition());
        }else if (mItemClickListener != null) {
            mItemClickListener.onItemClick(v, getPosition());
        }
    }
}

public void setOnItemClickListener(final OnItemClickListener mItemClickListener) {
    this.mItemClickListener = mItemClickListener;
}
public void removeAt(int position) {
    mDataset.remove(position);
    notifyItemRemoved(position);
    notifyItemRangeChanged(position, mDataSet.size());
}

Hope this helps.

Edit:

getPosition() is deprecated now, use getAdapterPosition() instead.

Answer:

first of all, item should be removed from the list!

  mDataSet.remove(getAdapterPosition());

then:

  notifyItemRemoved(getAdapterPosition());
  notifyItemRangeChanged(getAdapterPosition(),mDataSet.size());

Answer:

if still item not removed use this magic method 🙂

private void deleteItem(int position) {
        mDataSet.remove(position);
        notifyItemRemoved(position);
        notifyItemRangeChanged(position, mDataSet.size());
        holder.itemView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
}

Kotlin version

private fun deleteItem(position: Int) {
    mDataSet.removeAt(position)
    notifyItemRemoved(position)
    notifyItemRangeChanged(position, mDataSet.size)
    holder.itemView.visibility = View.GONE
}

Answer:

Problem

RecyclerView is, by default, unaware of your dataset changes.
This means that whenever you make a deletion/addition on your data-list, those changes won’t be reflected to your RecyclerView directly.

Solution

RecyclerView offers you some methods to share your dataset state.
This happens because a modification on your dataset does not imply a view change, and vice versa.
The standard android APIs allow you to bind the process of data removal (for the purpose of the question) with the process of view removal.

notifyItemChanged(index: Int)
notifyItemInserted(index: Int)
notifyItemRemoved(index: Int)
notifyItemRangeChanged(startPosition: Int, itemCount: Int)
notifyItemRangeInserted(startPosition: Int, itemCount: Int)
notifyItemRangeRemoved(startPosition: Int, itemCount: Int)

Best Approach

If you don’t properly specify what happens on your addition/removal of items (talking about views), RecyclerView children are animated unresponsively because of a lack of information about how to move the different views around the list.

Instead, the following code will precisely play the animation, just on the child that is being removed (And as a side note, for me it fixed any IndexOutOfBoundExceptions, marked by the stacktrace as “data inconsistency”)

void remove(position: Int) {
    dataset.removeAt(position)
    notifyItemChanged(position)
    notifyItemRangeRemoved(position, 1)
}

Under the hood, if we look into RecyclerView we can find documentation explaining that the second parameter we have to pass is the number of items that are removed from the dataset, not the total number of items (As wrongly stated in some others information sources).

    /**
     * Notify any registered observers that the <code>itemCount</code> items previously
     * located at <code>positionStart</code> have been removed from the data set. The items
     * previously located at and after <code>positionStart + itemCount</code> may now be found
     * at <code>oldPosition - itemCount</code>.
     *
     * <p>This is a structural change event. Representations of other existing items in the data
     * set are still considered up to date and will not be rebound, though their positions
     * may be altered.</p>
     *
     * @param positionStart Previous position of the first item that was removed
     * @param itemCount Number of items removed from the data set
     */
    public final void notifyItemRangeRemoved(int positionStart, int itemCount) {
        mObservable.notifyItemRangeRemoved(positionStart, itemCount);
    }

Answer:

Possibly a duplicate answer but quite useful for me. You can implement the method given below in RecyclerView.Adapter<RecyclerView.ViewHolder>
and can use this method as per your requirements, I hope it will work for you

public void removeItem(@NonNull Object object) {
        mDataSetList.remove(object);
        notifyDataSetChanged();
    }

Answer:

I tried all the above answers, but inserting or removing items to recyclerview causes problem with the position in the dataSet. Ended up using delete(getAdapterPosition()); inside the viewHolder which worked great at finding the position of items.

Answer:

The problem I had was I was removing an item from the list that was no longer associated with the adapter to make sure you are modifying the correct adapter you can implement a method like this in your adapter:

public void removeItemAtPosition(int position) {
    items.remove(position);
}

And call it in your fragment or activity like this:

adapter.removeItemAtPosition(position);

Answer:

Here are some visual supplemental examples. See my fuller answer for examples of adding and removing a range.

Add single item

Add “Pig” at index 2.

Insert single item

String item = "Pig";
int insertIndex = 2;
data.add(insertIndex, item);
adapter.notifyItemInserted(insertIndex);

Remove single item

Remove “Pig” from the list.

Remove single item

int removeIndex = 2;
data.remove(removeIndex);
adapter.notifyItemRemoved(removeIndex);

Answer:

  public class MyAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<MyAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
private Context context;
private List<cardview_widgets> list;

public MyAdapter(Context context, List<cardview_widgets> list) {
    this.context = context;
    this.list = list;
}

@NonNull
@Override
public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup viewGroup, int i) {
    View view = LayoutInflater.from(this.context).inflate(R.layout.fragment1_one_item,
            viewGroup, false);
    return new MyViewHolder(view);
}

public static class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
    TextView txt_value;
    TextView txt_category;
    ImageView img_inorex;
    ImageView img_category;
    TextView txt_date;

    public MyViewHolder(@NonNull View itemView) {
        super(itemView);
        txt_value = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_values);
        txt_category = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_category);
        img_inorex = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_inorex);
        img_category = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_imgcategory);
        txt_date = itemView.findViewById(R.id.id_date);
    }
}

@NonNull
@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull final MyViewHolder myViewHolder, int i) {

    myViewHolder.txt_value.setText(String.valueOf(list.get(i).getValuee()));
    myViewHolder.txt_category.setText(list.get(i).getCategory());
    myViewHolder.img_inorex.setBackgroundColor(list.get(i).getImg_inorex());
    myViewHolder.img_category.setImageResource(list.get(i).getImg_category());
    myViewHolder.txt_date.setText(list.get(i).getDate());
    myViewHolder.itemView.setOnLongClickListener(new View.OnLongClickListener() {
        @Override
        public boolean onLongClick(View v) {
            list.remove(myViewHolder.getAdapterPosition());
            notifyDataSetChanged();
            return false;
        }
    });
}

@Override
public int getItemCount() {
    return list.size();
}}      

i hope this help you.

Answer:

if you want to remove item you should do this:
first remove item:

phones.remove(position);

in next step you should notify your recycler adapter that you remove an item by this code:

notifyItemRemoved(position);
notifyItemRangeChanged(position, phones.size());

but if you change an item do this:
first change a parameter of your object like this:

Service s = services.get(position);
s.done = "Cancel service";
services.set(position,s);

or new it like this :

Service s = new Service();
services.set(position,s);

then notify your recycler adapter that you modify an item by this code:

notifyItemChanged(position);
notifyItemRangeChanged(position, services.size());

hope helps you.

Answer:

  String str = arrayList.get(position);
  arrayList.remove(str);
  MyAdapter.this.notifyDataSetChanged();

Answer:

To Method onBindViewHolder Write This Code

holder.remove.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                Cursor del=dbAdapter.ExecuteQ("delete from TblItem where Id="+values.get(position).getId());
                values.remove(position);
                notifyDataSetChanged();
            }
        });

Answer:

Incase Anyone wants to implement something like this in Main class instead of Adapter class, you can use:

public void removeAt(int position) {
    peopleListUser.remove(position);

    friendsListRecycler.getAdapter().notifyItemRemoved(position);
    friendsListRecycler.getAdapter().notifyItemRangeChanged(position, peopleListUser.size());
}

where friendsListRecycler is the Adapter name

Answer:

 //////// set the position
 holder.cancel.setTag(position);


///// click to remove an item from recycler view and an array list
holder.cancel.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
          @Override
          public void onClick(View view) {

            int positionToRemove = (int)view.getTag(); //get the position of the view to delete stored in the tag
            mDataset.remove(positionToRemove);
            notifyDataSetChanged();
                }
            });

Answer:

make interface into custom adapter class and handling click event on recycler view..

 onItemClickListner onItemClickListner;

public void setOnItemClickListner(CommentsAdapter.onItemClickListner onItemClickListner) {
    this.onItemClickListner = onItemClickListner;
}

public interface onItemClickListner {
    void onClick(Contact contact);//pass your object types.
}
    @Override
public void onBindViewHolder(ItemViewHolder holder, int position) {
    // below code handle click event on recycler view item.
    holder.itemView.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View view) {
            onItemClickListner.onClick(mContectList.get(position));
        }
    });
}

after define adapter and bind into recycler view called below code..

        adapter.setOnItemClickListner(new CommentsAdapter.onItemClickListner() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(Contact contact) {
            contectList.remove(contectList.get(contectList.indexOf(contact)));
            adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
        }
    });
}

Answer:

In case you are wondering like I did where can we get the adapter position in the method getadapterposition(); its in viewholder object.so you have to put your code like this

mdataset.remove(holder.getadapterposition());

Answer:

In the activity:

mAdapter.updateAt(pos, text, completed);
mAdapter.removeAt(pos);

In the your adapter:

void removeAt(int position) {
    list.remove(position);
    notifyItemRemoved(position);
    notifyItemRangeChanged(position, list.size());
}

void updateAt(int position, String text, Boolean completed) {
    TodoEntity todoEntity = list.get(position);
    todoEntity.setText(text);
    todoEntity.setCompleted(completed);
    notifyItemChanged(position);
}