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java – Android Studio 2.1 Error converting bytecode to dex

Posted by: admin May 14, 2020 Leave a comment


I am getting the following error since I updated the android studio from 2.0 to 2.1.

Error:Error converting bytecode to dex:

Cause: Dex cannot parse version 52 byte code. This is caused by
library dependencies that have been compiled using Java 8 or above. If
you are using the ‘java’ gradle plugin in a library submodule add
targetCompatibility = ‘1.7’ sourceCompatibility = ‘1.7’ to that
submodule’s build.gradle file.

I tried adding the following snippet in build.gradle, but still the issue persists

    compileOptions {
        sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_7
        targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_7

I saw some of the questions similar to this, but neither of the questions answered. Can anyone help me to solve this? Thanks in advance.

How to&Answers:


allprojects {
    tasks.withType(JavaCompile) {
        sourceCompatibility = "1.7"
        targetCompatibility = "1.7"

in the main build.gradle file


Remove the dependencies from build.gradle, comment relevant code and then compile and clean your project.

After a successful clean add the dependencies again and uncomment what you commented after removing the dependencies earlier.


Possibile duplicate of Android: Dex cannot parse version 52 byte code. The most quoted answer solved the problem for me.
I added compileOptions and jackOptions as shown below to my build.gradle to use JDK 1.8.

android {
    defaultConfig {
        jackOptions {
            enabled true
    compileOptions {
        sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
        targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8