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java – how to override action bar back button in android?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to customize the activity back button in action bar, not in hard key back button. I have overriden the onBackPressed() method. It works with my emulator back button, but not with action bar back button.

I want it to happen with action bar. How can I do this?

Here is my code:

@Override
public void onBackPressed() {
    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"Back button clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
    return;
}

I have used this toast whether back pressed is working or not but the actual implementation changes like to move back to previous activity. But this is not working with the button present on top of action bar (besides title of the activity).

Please any one could specify me the problem.

How to&Answers:

I think you want to override the click operation of home button. You can override this functionality like this in your activity.

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    switch (item.getItemId()) {
    case android.R.id.home:
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"Back button clicked", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); 
        break;
    }
    return true;
}

Answer:

If you want ActionBar back button behave same way as hardware back button:

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
            if (item.getItemId() == android.R.id.home) {
                    onBackPressed();
                    return true;
            }
            return false;
    }

Answer:

Two things to keep in mind that the user can either press back button or press the actionbar home button.

So, if you want to redirect him to the same destination then you can do this.

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    switch (item.getItemId()) {
        case android.R.id.home:
            onBackPressed();
            return true;
    }
    return false;
}

@Override
public void onBackPressed() {
    super.onBackPressed();
    Intent intent = new Intent(CurrentActivity.this, NextActivity.class);
    startActivity(intent);
    finish();
}

This will take the user to the intent pressing either key or the action bar button.

Answer:

        @Override
        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
                switch (item.getItemId()) {
                case android.R.id.home:
                       finish();
                   break;
                }
                return true;
        }

Answer:

Sorry mine is a late answer, but for anyone else arriving at this page with the same question, I had tried the above:

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
  ...
  if (item.getItemId() == android.R.id.home) {
    ....
  }
  ....
}

but this failed to catch the “Back” button press.

Eventually I found a method that worked for me on https://stackoverflow.com/a/37185334/3697478 which is to override the “onSupportNavigateUp()” as I am using the actionbar from the “AppCompatActivity” support library. (There is an equivalent “onNavigateUp()” for the newer actionbar/toolbar library.)

@Override
public boolean onSupportNavigateUp(){  
  finish();  
  return true;  
}

and I removed the “android:parentActivityName=”.MainActivity” section from the manifest file.

Answer:

I have achieved this, by using simply two steps,

Step 1: Go to AndroidManifest.xml and in the add the parameter in tag – android:parentActivityName=”.home.HomeActivity”

example :

 <activity
    android:name=".home.ActivityDetail"
    android:parentActivityName=".home.HomeActivity"
    android:screenOrientation="portrait" />

Step 2: in ActivityDetail add your action for previous page/activity

example :

 @Override
 public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    switch (item.getItemId()) {
       case android.R.id.home:
           onBackPressed();
           return true;
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
 }

Answer:

If you want to return to the previous instance of an Activity by pressing of ActionBar home button, without recreating it, you can override getParentActivityIntent method to use the one from the back stack:

@TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN)
@Override
public Intent getParentActivityIntent() {
      return super.getParentActivityIntent().addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
}

EDIT:
Also you can achieve the same result by
setting the launchMode of your parent activity to singleTop.
So setandroid:launchMode="singleTop" to parent activity in your manifest.
Or you can use flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP with the UP intent.
reference: Providing Up Navigation

Answer:

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    // Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
    // automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
    // as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
    int id = item.getItemId();
    if (id == android.R.id.home) {
        onBackPressed();
        return true;
    }
    //noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
    if (id == R.id.signIn) {
        return true;
    }

    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}
///////////////////
@Override
public void onBackPressed() {
    super.onBackPressed();
    finish();
}

Answer:

There are several ways how to set up back button in bar:

1) method .setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true); will do it, and then you can simply override android.R.id.home

2) adding <meta-data android:name="android.support.PARENT_ACTIVITY" android:value="my.package.parrent" /> in Android Manifest, but in this case you can not override android.R.id.home in OnOptionsMenuSelected.

.. for those who wonder why it doesn’t work for them…