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java – How to set timeout in Retrofit library?

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am using Retrofit library in my app, and I’d like to set a timeout of 60 seconds. Does Retrofit have some way to do this?

I set Retrofit this way:

RestAdapter restAdapter = new RestAdapter.Builder()
    .setServer(BuildConfig.BASE_URL)
    .setConverter(new GsonConverter(gson))
    .build();

How can I set the timeout?

How to&Answers:

You can set timeouts on the underlying HTTP client. If you don’t specify a client, Retrofit will create one with default connect and read timeouts. To set your own timeouts, you need to configure your own client and supply it to the RestAdapter.Builder.

An option is to use the OkHttp client, also from Square.

1. Add the library dependency

In the build.gradle, include this line:

compile 'com.squareup.okhttp:okhttp:x.x.x'

Where x.x.x is the desired library version.

2. Set the client

For example, if you want to set a timeout of 60 seconds, do this way for Retrofit before version 2 and Okhttp before version 3 (FOR THE NEWER VERSIONS, SEE THE EDITS):

public RestAdapter providesRestAdapter(Gson gson) {
    final OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
    okHttpClient.setReadTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    okHttpClient.setConnectTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

    return new RestAdapter.Builder()
        .setEndpoint(BuildConfig.BASE_URL)
        .setConverter(new GsonConverter(gson))
        .setClient(new OkClient(okHttpClient))
        .build();
}

EDIT 1

For okhttp versions since 3.x.x, you have to set the dependency this way:

compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:x.x.x'

And set the client using the builder pattern:

final OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
        .readTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
        .connectTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
        .build();

More info in Timeouts


EDIT 2

Retrofit versions since 2.x.x also uses the builder pattern, so change the return block above to this:

return new Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl(BuildConfig.BASE_URL)
    .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
    .client(okHttpClient)
    .build();

If using a code like my providesRestAdapter method, then change the method return type to Retrofit.

More info in Retrofit 2 — Upgrade Guide from 1.9


ps: If your minSdkVersion is greater than 8, you can use TimeUnit.MINUTES:

okHttpClient.setReadTimeout(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
okHttpClient.setConnectTimeout(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

For more details about the units, see TimeUnit.

Answer:

These answers were outdated for me, so here’s how it worked out.

Add OkHttp, in my case the version is 3.3.1:

compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.3.1'

Then before building your Retrofit, do this:

OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
    .connectTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    .readTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    .writeTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
    .build();
return new Retrofit.Builder()
    .baseUrl(baseUrl)
    .client(okHttpClient)
    .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
    .build();

Answer:

public class ApiClient {
    private static Retrofit retrofit = null;
    private static final Object LOCK = new Object();

    public static void clear() {
        synchronized (LOCK) {
            retrofit = null;
        }
    }

    public static Retrofit getClient() {
        synchronized (LOCK) {
            if (retrofit == null) {

                Gson gson = new GsonBuilder()
                        .setLenient()
                        .create();

                OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
                        .connectTimeout(40, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .readTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .writeTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .build();


                retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
                        .client(okHttpClient)
                        .baseUrl(Constants.WEB_SERVICE)
                        .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create(gson))
                        .build();
            }
            return retrofit;
        }

    }

    public static RequestBody plain(String content) {
        return getRequestBody("text/plain", content);
    }

    public static RequestBody getRequestBody(String type, String content) {
        return RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse(type), content);
    }
}

@FormUrlEncoded
@POST("architect/project_list_Design_files")
Call<DesignListModel> getProjectDesign(
        @Field("project_id") String project_id);


@Multipart
@POST("architect/upload_design")
Call<BoqListModel> getUpLoadDesign(
        @Part("user_id") RequestBody user_id,
        @Part("request_id") RequestBody request_id,
        @Part List<MultipartBody.Part> image_file,
        @Part List<MultipartBody.Part> design_upload_doc);


private void getMyProjectList()
{

    ApiInterface apiService = ApiClient.getClient().create(ApiInterface.class);
    Call<MyProjectListModel> call = apiService.getMyProjectList("",Sorting,latitude,longitude,Search,Offset+"",Limit);
    call.enqueue(new Callback<MyProjectListModel>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(Call<MyProjectListModel> call, Response<MyProjectListModel> response) {
            try {
                Log.e("response",response.body()+"");

            } catch (Exception e)
            {
                Log.e("onResponse: ", e.toString());
                           }
        }
        @Override
        public void onFailure(Call<MyProjectListModel> call, Throwable t)
        {
            Log.e( "onFailure: ",t.toString());
                   }
    });
}

// file upload

private void getUpload(String path,String id)
    {

        ApiInterface apiService = ApiClient.getClient().create(ApiInterface.class);
        MultipartBody.Part GalleryImage = null;
        if (path!="")
        {
            File file = new File(path);
            RequestBody reqFile = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("multipart/form-data"), file);
            GalleryImage = MultipartBody.Part.createFormData("image", file.getName(), reqFile);
        }

        RequestBody UserId = RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse("text/plain"), id);
        Call<uplod_file> call = apiService.geUplodFileCall(UserId,GalleryImage);
        call.enqueue(new Callback<uplod_file>() {
            @Override
            public void onResponse(Call<uplod_file> call, Response<uplod_file> response) {
                try {
                    Log.e("response",response.body()+"");
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),response.body().getMessage(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

                } catch (Exception e)
                {
                    Log.e("onResponse: ", e.toString());
                }
            }
            @Override
            public void onFailure(Call<uplod_file> call, Throwable t)
            {
                Log.e( "onFailure: ",t.toString());
            }
        });
    }

    implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.4.0'
    implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.4.0'

Answer:

I am using Retrofit 1.9 to obtain a XML.

public class ServicioConexionRetrofitXML {

    public static final String API_BASE_URL = new GestorPreferencias().getPreferencias().getHost();
    public static final long tiempoMaximoRespuestaSegundos = 60;
    public static final long tiempoMaximoLecturaSegundos = 100;
    public static final OkHttpClient clienteOkHttp = new OkHttpClient();


    private static RestAdapter.Builder builder = new RestAdapter.Builder().
            setEndpoint(API_BASE_URL).
            setClient(new OkClient(clienteOkHttp)).setConverter(new SimpleXMLConverter());


    public static <S> S createService(Class<S> serviceClass) {
        clienteOkHttp.setConnectTimeout(tiempoMaximoRespuestaSegundos, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        clienteOkHttp.setReadTimeout(tiempoMaximoLecturaSegundos, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
        RestAdapter adapter = builder.build();
        return adapter.create(serviceClass);
    }

}

If you are using Retrofit 1.9.0 and okhttp 2.6.0, add to your Gradle file.

    compile 'com.squareup.retrofit:retrofit:1.9.0'
    compile 'com.squareup.okhttp:okhttp:2.6.0'
    // Librería de retrofit para XML converter (Simple) Se excluyen grupos para que no entre
    // en conflicto.
    compile('com.squareup.retrofit:converter-simplexml:1.9.0') {
        exclude group: 'xpp3', module: 'xpp3'
        exclude group: 'stax', module: 'stax-api'
        exclude group: 'stax', module: 'stax'
    }

Note: If you need to fetch a JSON, just remove from code above.

.setConverter(new SimpleXMLConverter())

Answer:

For Retrofit1.9 with OkHttp3 users, here is the solution,

.setClient(new Ok3Client(new OkHttpClient.Builder().readTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS).build()))

Answer:

public class ApiModule {
    public WebService apiService(Context context) {
        String mBaseUrl = context.getString(BuildConfig.DEBUG ? R.string.local_url : R.string.live_url);

        HttpLoggingInterceptor loggingInterceptor = new HttpLoggingInterceptor();
        loggingInterceptor.setLevel(BuildConfig.DEBUG ? HttpLoggingInterceptor.Level.BODY : HttpLoggingInterceptor.Level.NONE);

        OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                .readTimeout(120, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .writeTimeout(120, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .connectTimeout(120, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                .addInterceptor(loggingInterceptor)
                //.addNetworkInterceptor(networkInterceptor)
                .build();

        return new Retrofit.Builder().baseUrl(mBaseUrl)
                .client(okHttpClient)
                .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
                .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
                .build().create(WebService.class);

    }
}

Answer:

This will be the best way, to set the timeout for each service (passing timeout as parameter)

public static Retrofit getClient(String baseUrl, int serviceTimeout) {
        Retrofit retrofitselected = baseUrl.contains("http:") ? retrofit : retrofithttps;
        if (retrofitselected == null || retrofitselected.equals(retrofithttps)) {
            retrofitselected = new Retrofit.Builder()
                    .baseUrl(baseUrl)
                    .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create(getGson().create()))
                    .client(!BuildConfig.FLAVOR.equals("PRE") ? new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                            .addInterceptor(new ResponseInterceptor())
                            .connectTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                            .writeTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                            .readTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                            .build() : getUnsafeOkHttpClient(serviceTimeout))
                    .build();
        }
        return retrofitselected;
    }

And dont miss this for OkHttpClient.

private static OkHttpClient getUnsafeOkHttpClient(int serviceTimeout) {
        try {
            // Create a trust manager that does not validate certificate chains
            final TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] {
                    new X509TrustManager() {
                        @Override
                        public void checkClientTrusted(java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                        }

                        @Override
                        public void checkServerTrusted(java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
                        }

                        @Override
                        public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
                            return new java.security.cert.X509Certificate[]{};
                        }
                    }
            };

            // Install the all-trusting trust manager
            final SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
            sslContext.init(null, trustAllCerts, new java.security.SecureRandom());
            // Create an ssl socket factory with our all-trusting manager
            final SSLSocketFactory sslSocketFactory = sslContext.getSocketFactory();

            OkHttpClient.Builder builder = new OkHttpClient.Builder();
            builder.sslSocketFactory(sslSocketFactory);
            builder.hostnameVerifier(new HostnameVerifier() {
                @Override
                public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) {
                    return true;
                }
            });

            OkHttpClient okHttpClient = builder
                    .addInterceptor(new ResponseInterceptor())
                    .connectTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                    .writeTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                    .readTimeout(serviceTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                    .build();
            return okHttpClient;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }

Hope this will help anyone.

Answer:

I found this example

https://github.com/square/retrofit/issues/1557

Here we set custom url client connection client before before we build API rest service implementation.

import com.google.gson.Gson
import com.google.gson.GsonBuilder
import retrofit.Endpoint
import retrofit.RestAdapter
import retrofit.client.Request
import retrofit.client.UrlConnectionClient
import retrofit.converter.GsonConverter


class ClientBuilder {

    public static <T> T buildClient(final Class<T> client, final String serviceUrl) {
        Endpoint mCustomRetrofitEndpoint = new CustomRetrofitEndpoint()


        Gson gson = new GsonBuilder().excludeFieldsWithoutExposeAnnotation().create()
        RestAdapter.Builder builder = new RestAdapter.Builder()
            .setEndpoint(mCustomRetrofitEndpoint)
            .setConverter(new GsonConverter(gson))
            .setClient(new MyUrlConnectionClient())
        RestAdapter restAdapter = builder.build()
        return restAdapter.create(client)
    }
}

 public final class MyUrlConnectionClient extends UrlConnectionClient {
        @Override
        protected HttpURLConnection openConnection(Request request) {
            HttpURLConnection connection = super.openConnection(request);
            connection.setConnectTimeout(15 * 1000);
            connection.setReadTimeout(30 * 1000);
            return connection;
        }
    }

Answer:

public class ApiClient {
    private static Retrofit retrofit = null;
    private static final Object LOCK = new Object();

    public static void clear() {
        synchronized (LOCK) {
            retrofit = null;
        }
    }

    public static Retrofit getClient() {
        synchronized (LOCK) {
            if (retrofit == null) {

                Gson gson = new GsonBuilder()
                        .setLenient()
                        .create();

                OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient().newBuilder()
                        .connectTimeout(40, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .readTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .writeTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
                        .build();

                // Log.e("jjj", "=" + (MySharedPreference.getmInstance().isEnglish() ? Constant.WEB_SERVICE : Constant.WEB_SERVICE_ARABIC));
                retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
                        .client(okHttpClient)
                        .baseUrl(Constants.WEB_SERVICE)
                        .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create(gson))
                        .build();
            }
            return retrofit;
        }`enter code here`

    }

    public static RequestBody plain(String content) {
        return getRequestBody("text/plain", content);
    }

    public static RequestBody getRequestBody(String type, String content) {
        return RequestBody.create(MediaType.parse(type), content);
    }
}


-------------------------------------------------------------------------


    implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:retrofit:2.4.0'
    implementation 'com.squareup.retrofit2:converter-gson:2.4.0'