Home » Android » java – How to use interceptor to add Headers in Retrofit 2.0?

java – How to use interceptor to add Headers in Retrofit 2.0?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Our team decide to adopt Retrofit 2.0 and I’m doing some initial research on it. I’m a newbie to this library.

I’m wondering how to use interceptor to add customized headers via Retrofits 2.0 in our Android app. There are many tutorials about using interceptor to add headers in Retrofit 1.X, but since the APIs have changed a lot in the latest version, I’m not sure how to adapt those methods in the new version. Also, Retrofit hasn’t update its new documentation yet.

For example, in the following codes, how should I implement the Interceptor class to add extra headers? Besides, what exactly is the undocumented Chain object? When will the intercept() be called?

    OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
    client.interceptors().add(new Interceptor() {
        @Override
        public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
            Response response = chain.proceed(chain.request());

            // How to add extra headers?

            return response;
        }
    });

    Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
            .baseUrl(BASE_API_URL)
            .client(client)
            .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
            .build();
How to&Answers:

Check this out.

public class HeaderInterceptor implements Interceptor {
    @Override
    public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
        Request request = chain.request()
                .newBuilder()
                .addHeader("appid", "hello")
                .addHeader("deviceplatform", "android")
                .removeHeader("User-Agent")
                .addHeader("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0")
                .build();
        Response response = chain.proceed(request);
        return response;
    }
}

Kotlin

class HeaderInterceptor : Interceptor {
    override fun intercept(chain: Interceptor.Chain): Response = chain.run {
        proceed(
            request()
                .newBuilder()
                .addHeader("appid", "hello")
                .addHeader("deviceplatform", "android")
                .removeHeader("User-Agent")
                .addHeader("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0")
                .build()
        )        
    }
}

Answer:

Another alternative from the accepted answer

public class HeaderInterceptor implements Interceptor {

    @Override
    public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
        Request request = chain.request();

        request = request.newBuilder()
                .addHeader("headerKey0", "HeaderVal0")
                .addHeader("headerKey0", "HeaderVal0--NotReplaced/NorUpdated") //new header added
                .build();

        //alternative
        Headers moreHeaders = request.headers().newBuilder()
                .add("headerKey1", "HeaderVal1")
                .add("headerKey2", "HeaderVal2")
                .set("headerKey2", "HeaderVal2--UpdatedHere") // existing header UPDATED if available, else added.
                .add("headerKey3", "HeaderKey3")
                .add("headerLine4 : headerLine4Val") //line with `:`, spaces doesn't matter.
                .removeAll("headerKey3") //Oops, remove this.
                .build();

        request = request.newBuilder().headers(moreHeaders).build();

        /* 

Answer:

## List of headers

Answer:

## */ // headerKey0: HeaderVal0 // headerKey0: HeaderVal0--NotReplaced/NorUpdated // headerKey1: HeaderVal1 // headerKey2: HeaderVal2--UpdatedHere // headerLine4: headerLine4Val Response response = chain.proceed(request); return response; } }

Answer:

   public class ServiceFactory {  
    public static ApiClient createService(String authToken, String userName, String password) {
            OkHttpClient defaultHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
                    .addInterceptor(
                            chain -> {
                                Request request = chain.request().newBuilder()
                                        .headers(getJsonHeader(authToken))
                                        .build();
                                return chain.proceed(request);
                            })
                    .authenticator(getBasicAuthenticator(userName, password))
                    .build();
            return getService(defaultHttpClient);
        }
        private static Headers getJsonHeader(String authToken) {
            Headers.Builder builder = new Headers.Builder();
            builder.add("Content-Type", "application/json");
            builder.add("Accept", "application/json");
            if (authToken != null && !authToken.isEmpty()) {
                builder.add("X-MY-Auth", authToken);
            }
            return builder.build();
        }
        private static Authenticator getBasicAuthenticator(final String userName, final String password) {
            return (route, response) -> {
                String credential = Credentials.basic(userName, password);
                return response.request().newBuilder().header("Authorization", credential).build();
            };
        }
          private static ApiClient getService(OkHttpClient defaultHttpClient) {
            return new Retrofit.Builder()
                    .baseUrl(BASE_URL)
                    .addConverterFactory(GsonConverterFactory.create())
                    .addCallAdapterFactory(RxJavaCallAdapterFactory.create())
                    .client(defaultHttpClient)
                    .build()
                    .create(ApiClient.class);
        }
}

Answer:

You can headers using Interceptors with its built-in methods like this

   interceptors().add(new Interceptor() {
        @Override
        public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
            Request original = chain.request();

            Request.Builder builder = original.newBuilder();

            builder.header("Authorization","Bearer "+ LeafPreference.getInstance(context).getString(LeafPreference.TOKEN));

            Request request = builder.method(original.method(), original.body())
                    .build();
            Log.e("request",request.urlString());
            Log.e("header",request.header("Authorization"));
            return chain.proceed(request);
        }
    });
}