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java – InflateException: Binary XML file line #1: Error inflating class <unknown> caused by OutOfMemoryError

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Here is my code:

input.xml (layout folder)

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
tools:context=".MainActivity"
android:background="@drawable/background_main" >
<ImageView 
android:id="@+id/logo_image"
android:background="@drawable/background_green"
android:src="@drawable/titleimage"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="50dp"
/>
<ScrollView
android:id="@+id/scroller"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_below="@id/logo_image"
android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
>
<TableLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:stretchColumns="*" >
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/device_type_row"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:paddingTop="5dp"
android:paddingBottom="5dp"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/device_type_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/device_type" />
<RadioGroup 
android:id="@+id/device_type_radio_selection"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal">
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/radioIos"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/iOS"
/>
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/radioAndroid"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/android"
/>
</RadioGroup>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/days_as_customers_row"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:paddingTop="5dp"
android:paddingBottom="5dp"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/days_as_customers_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/days_as_customers" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/days_as_customer_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/days_as_customer_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="1/210"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/average_sessions_row"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/average_sessions"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/average_sessions" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/average_sessions_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/average_sessions_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="240/9000"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow4"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/conversion_time_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/conversion_title" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/conversion_time_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/conversion_time_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="3/55"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow5"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/monthly_spend_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/monthly_spend" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/monthly_spend_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/monthly_spend_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="3/55"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow6"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/virality_invites_sent_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/virality_invites_sent" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/virality_invites_sent_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/virality_invites_sent_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="0-50"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow7"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/churned_users_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/churned_users" />
<RadioGroup 
android:id="@+id/churned_users_radio_selection"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal">
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/radioYes"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/iOS"
/>
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/radioNo"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height = "wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/android"
/>
</RadioGroup>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow8"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" >
<RadioButton
android:id="@+id/ltv_total_spent_radio"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall"
android:text="@string/ltv_total_spent" />
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:weightSum="2" >
<SeekBar
android:id="@+id/ltv_total_spent_seekbar"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight="1" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/ltv_total_spent_text"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="0$-80$"
android:layout_weight="1"
android:singleLine="true"
android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceSmall" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
</TableLayout>
</ScrollView>
<Button
android:id="@+id/input_submit_button"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
android:background="@drawable/submit_button_img" />
</RelativeLayout>

InputFragment.java

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.RadioButton;
import android.widget.SeekBar;
import android.widget.SeekBar.OnSeekBarChangeListener;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
public class InputFragment extends Fragment {
private Button submit;
private RadioButton deviceTypeRadio, daysAsCustomerRadio, averageSessionsRadio, conversionTimeRadio;
private RadioButton monthlySpendRadio,viralityInvitesSentRadio, churnedUsersRadio, LTVTotalSpentRadio; 
private SeekBar daysAsCustomerSeek, averageSessionSeek, conersionTimeSeek, monthlySpendSeek;
private SeekBar viralityInvitesSeek, ltvTotalSpentSeek;
private TextView daysasAsCustomerText, averageSessionText, conversionTimeText, monthlySpendText;
private TextView viralityInvitesText, letvTotalText;
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState)
{
//Intializing instance variables
View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.input, container,false);
submit = (Button)view.findViewById(R.id.input_submit_button);
return view;
}
}

I can run this code properly, but when I changed the orientation of the Emulator, it gives the following error.

12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644): FATAL EXCEPTION: main
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644): java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.xxx.xxx/com.nFlate.xxx.MainActivity}: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #1: Error inflating class <unknown>
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2180)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2230)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.handleRelaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3692)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.access$700(ActivityThread.java:141)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1240)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:137)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5041)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:511)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:793)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:560)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644): Caused by: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #1: Error inflating class <unknown>
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:613)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at com.android.internal.policy.impl.PhoneLayoutInflater.onCreateView(PhoneLayoutInflater.java:56)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:466)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at com.nFlate.nflate.InputFragment.onCreateView(InputFragment.java:30)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.Fragment.performCreateView(Fragment.java:1478)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.FragmentManagerImpl.moveToState(FragmentManager.java:927)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.FragmentManagerImpl.moveToState(FragmentManager.java:1104)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.FragmentManagerImpl.moveToState(FragmentManager.java:1086)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.FragmentManagerImpl.dispatchActivityCreated(FragmentManager.java:1877)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.support.v4.app.FragmentActivity.onStart(FragmentActivity.java:552)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnStart(Instrumentation.java:1164)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.Activity.performStart(Activity.java:5114)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2153)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     ... 12 more
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644): Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.constructNative(Native Method)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:417)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     ... 27 more
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644): Caused by: java.lang.OutOfMemoryError
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.graphics.BitmapFactory.nativeDecodeAsset(Native Method)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(BitmapFactory.java:502)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeResourceStream(BitmapFactory.java:355)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.graphics.drawable.Drawable.createFromResourceStream(Drawable.java:785)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.content.res.Resources.loadDrawable(Resources.java:1965)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.content.res.TypedArray.getDrawable(TypedArray.java:601)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.View.<init>(View.java:3330)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.View.<init>(View.java:3259)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.view.ViewGroup.<init>(ViewGroup.java:425)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     at android.widget.RelativeLayout.<init>(RelativeLayout.java:210)
12-19 11:17:53.590: E/AndroidRuntime(5644):     ... 30 more

Basically, the error is targeting to the below place:

View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.input, container,false);

This only happens in Emulator, not in phone. What is wrong here?

How to&Answers:

Check your drawable/background_main i.e. the background image of your root layout – the VM runs out of memory when decoding the bitmap. Make the image dimensions smaller.

Answer:

The problem occurs because the *drawable/background_main* has a high resolution image. So when it loads then the VM runs out of memory .

So best way is to reduce it size or resolution.

Answer:

My problem was that I had a shape with a <solid> with color ?selectableItemBackground. Yes it is dumb and a specific case, but posting it here for people with the same mistake.

Answer:

You are using this layout in fragment not in Activity.And also there is another exception OutOfMemory your background image is very large try to reduce it..

Answer:

Caused by: java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: bitmap size exceeds VM budget may be the real culprit here. Try using smaller image to see if it is a memory-related issue.
Check out these links for examples of similar issues:

java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: bitmap size exceeds VM budget – android – how many images?
and
OutOfMemory exception when loading bitmap from external storage

Answer:

I’ve solved the same problem by reducing dimension of .png buttons in all xml files

Answer:

Try using images of different resolutions such as mdpi,hdpi,xhdpi if only using higher resolution images it might cause a crash in low resolution phones

Answer:

Well, in my case the answer was in xml design, conflict android:backgroundTint and android:tint

I was design a FloatinActionButton like this:

<android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton android:id="@+id/fa_close_patient" android:layout_width="50dp" android:layout_height="50dp" android:scaleX="0.8" android:scaleY="0.8" android:layout_alignParentEnd="true" android:layout_centerVertical="true" android:layout_gravity="right" android:layout_marginEnd="30dp" android:backgroundTint="@color/white" android:src="@drawable/ic_close_black_24dp" android:tint="@color/colorPrimaryDark" /> 

and it’s ok but API > 23

If u design for API_LEVEL < 23, this it’s the fix

<android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton android:id="@+id/fa_close_patient" android:layout_width="50dp" android:layout_height="50dp" android:scaleX="0.8" android:scaleY="0.8" android:layout_alignParentEnd="true" android:layout_centerVertical="true" android:layout_gravity="right" android:layout_marginEnd="30dp" app:backgroundTint="@color/white" android:src="@drawable/ic_close_black_24dp"/> 

I hope I have help you,

Regards

Answer:

In my case I was getting illogical class inflation exceptions, after digging for a while I found that the error was caused due to deprecated code blocks related to android framework itself.

Answer:

for those who have this problem: there are some cases that may lead app to crash. I have seen these the most.

1- using ?selectableItemBackground may cause this problem.

2- if using large images (or else) that make the application errors like failed to allocate… this happens when hardware accelerated is on. you can set it to off in this case and using large-heap in manifest(application element)

3- if you have a drawable that is in v-21(for example) branch and you are running app on below 21, it can cause this problem too.

good luck!