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java – JSR-303 @Valid annotation not working for list of child objects-Exceptionshub

Posted by: admin February 25, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

My main classes is

public class UserAddressesForm {

    @NotEmpty
    private String firstName;

    @NotEmpty
    private String lastName;

    private List<AddressForm> addresses;

...
setters and getters 

public class AddressForm {

    @NotEmpty
    private String customName;
    @NotEmpty
    private String city;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetAn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetHn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String addressCountry;
    @NotEmpty
    private String postCode;
...
setters and getters

A Controller

@RequestMapping(value = "/up", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String completeForm(@Valid @ModelAttribute("userAddressesForm") UserAddressesForm userAddressesForm,  
            BindingResult result, HttpServletRequest req)
...

A JSP page

<form:form commandName="userAddressesForm" action="registered">
    <table>

        <tr>
            <td class="formLabels"><form:label path="firstName">
                <spring:message code="label.name" />
            </form:label></td>
            <td><form:input path="firstName" /></td>
            <td><form:errors path="firstName" cssClass="error" /></td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
            <td class="formLabels"><form:label path="lastName">
                <spring:message code="label.surname" />
            </form:label></td>
            <td><form:input path="lastName" /></td>
            <td><form:errors path="lastName" cssClass="error" /></td>
        </tr>
    </table>

    <c:forEach items="${userAddressesForm.addresses}" varStatus="gridRow">  
        <div id="main_address" class="address_data_form">
            <fieldset>
                <legend><spring:message code="label.stepThreeMainAddressInfo" /></legend>
                <a href="#" class="deleteItem"></a>
                <table>
                    <tr>            
                        <td class="formLabels">
                            <spring:message code="label.address.custom.name" />
                        </td>
                        <td>
                            <spring:bind path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].customName">
                                <input type="input" name="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    id="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>" />
                                    <form:errors path="${status.expression}"/>
                            </spring:bind>
                        </td>   
                    </tr>               
                    <tr>            
                        <td class="formLabels">
                            <spring:message code="label.streetAnStreetHn" />
                        </td>
                        <td>
                            <spring:bind path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].streetAn">
                                <input type="input" name="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    id="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>" />
                            </spring:bind>
                            <spring:bind path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].streetHn">
                            <input type="input" name="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                id="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>" >
                            <form:errors path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].streetHn"/>
                            </spring:bind>

                        </td>
                    </tr>
                    <tr>                        
                        <td class="formLabels">
                            <spring:message code="label.postCode" />
                        </td>
                        <td>
                            <spring:bind path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].postCode">
                                <input type="input" name="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    id="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>" />
                            </spring:bind>
                        </td>                   
                    </tr>
                    <tr>                
                        <td class="formLabels">
                            <spring:message code="label.city" />
                        </td>
                        <td>
                            <spring:bind path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].city">
                                <input type="input" name="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    id="<c:out value="${status.expression}"/>"
                                    value="<c:out value="${status.value}"/>" />
                                <form:errors path="addresses[${gridRow.index}].city" cssClass="error" />
                            </spring:bind>
                        </td>
                    </tr>       
                </table>    
            </fieldset>
        </div>
    </c:forEach>

Why object fields are not validated AddressForm?

Please help.

How to&Answers:

You need to decorate addresses member of UserAddressesForm with @Valid annotation. See section 3.1.3 and 3.5.1 of JSR 303: Bean Validation. As I explained in my answer to the question Is there a standard way to enable JSR 303 Bean Validation using annotated method, this is the real use of @Valid annotation as per JSR 303.

Edit
Example code: Hibernate Validator- Object Graph. (The list of passengers in Car)

Answer:

Adding to @Ritesh answer, @Valid constraint will instruct the Bean Validator to delve to the type of its applied property and validate all constraints found there. Answer with code to your question, the validator, when seeing a @Valid constraint on addresses property, will explore the AddressForm class and validate all JSR 303 constraints found inside, as follows:

public class UserAddressesForm {

    @NotEmpty
    private String firstName;

    @NotEmpty
    private String lastName;

    @Valid
    private List<AddressForm> addresses;

...
setters and getters 

public class AddressForm {

    @NotEmpty
    private String customName;
    @NotEmpty
    private String city;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetAn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetHn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String addressCountry;
    @NotEmpty
    private String postCode;
...
setters and getters

Answer:

In the class UserAddressesForm add the following lines

@Valid
private List<AddressForm> addresses;

Answer:

Working solution.

public class UserAddressesForm {

    @NotEmpty(message="firstName is required")
    private String firstName;

    @NotEmpty(message="lastNameis required")
    private String lastName;

    @NotNull(message="addresses attributes are required")
    @Valid
    private List<AddressForm> addresses;

...
setters and getters 

public class AddressForm {

    @NotEmpty(message="customNameis required")
    private String customName;
    @NotEmpty
    private String city;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetAn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String streetHn;
    @NotEmpty
    private String addressCountry;
    @NotEmpty
    private String postCode;
...
setters and getters