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java – Populating a ListView using an ArrayList?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

My Android app needs to populate the ListView using the data from an ArrayList.

I have trouble doing this. Can someone please help me with the code?

How to&Answers:

You need to do it through an ArrayAdapter which will adapt your ArrayList (or any other collection) to your items in your layout (ListView, Spinner etc.).

This is what the Android developer guide says:

A ListAdapter that manages a ListView backed by an array of arbitrary objects. By default this class expects that the provided resource id references a single TextView. If you want to use a more complex layout, use the constructors that also takes a field id. That field id should reference a TextView in the larger layout resource.

However the TextView is referenced, it will be filled with the toString() of each object in the array. You can add lists or arrays of custom objects. Override the toString() method of your objects to determine what text will be displayed for the item in the list.

To use something other than TextViews for the array display, for instance ImageViews, or to have some of data besides toString() results fill the views, override getView(int, View, ViewGroup) to return the type of view you want.

So your code should look like:

public class YourActivity extends Activity {

    private ListView lv;

    public void onCreate(Bundle saveInstanceState) {
         setContentView(R.layout.your_layout);

         lv = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.your_list_view_id);

         // Instanciating an array list (you don't need to do this, 
         // you already have yours).
         List<String> your_array_list = new ArrayList<String>();
         your_array_list.add("foo");
         your_array_list.add("bar");

         // This is the array adapter, it takes the context of the activity as a 
         // first parameter, the type of list view as a second parameter and your 
         // array as a third parameter.
         ArrayAdapter<String> arrayAdapter = new ArrayAdapter<String>(
                 this, 
                 android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,
                 your_array_list );

         lv.setAdapter(arrayAdapter); 
    }
}

Answer:

tutorial

Also look up ArrayAdapter interface:

ArrayAdapter(Context context, int textViewResourceId, List<T> objects)

Answer:

Try the below answer to populate listview using ArrayList

public class ExampleActivity extends Activity
{
    ArrayList<String> movies;

    public void onCreate(Bundle saveInstanceState)
    {
       super.onCreate(saveInstanceState);
       setContentView(R.layout.list);

       // Get the reference of movies
       ListView moviesList=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.listview);

       movies = new ArrayList<String>();
       getMovies();

       // Create The Adapter with passing ArrayList as 3rd parameter
       ArrayAdapter<String> arrayAdapter =      
                 new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, movies);
       // Set The Adapter
       moviesList.setAdapter(arrayAdapter); 

       // register onClickListener to handle click events on each item
       moviesList.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener()
       {
           // argument position gives the index of item which is clicked
           public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> arg0, View v,int position, long arg3)
           {
               String selectedmovie=movies.get(position);
               Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Movie Selected : "+selectedmovie,   Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
           }
        });
    }

    void getmovies()
    {
        movies.add("X-Men");
        movies.add("IRONMAN");
        movies.add("SPIDY");
        movies.add("NARNIA");
        movies.add("LIONKING");
        movies.add("AVENGERS");   
    }
}

Answer:

public class Example extends Activity
{
    private ListView lv;
    ArrayList<String> arrlist=new ArrayList<String>();
    //let me assume that you are putting the values in this arraylist
    //Now convert your arraylist to array

    //You will get an exmaple here

    //http://www.java-tips.org/java-se-tips/java.lang/how-to-convert-an-arraylist-into-an-array.html 

    private String arr[]=convert(arrlist);
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle bun)
    {
        super.onCreate(bun);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        lv=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.lv);
        lv.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(this,android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1 , arr));
        }
    }

Answer:

Here’s an example of how you could implement a list view:

 @Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    //We have our list view
    final ListView dynamic = findViewById(R.id.dynamic);

    //Create an array of elements
    final ArrayList<String> classes = new ArrayList<>();
    classes.add("Data Structures");
    classes.add("Assembly Language");
    classes.add("Calculus 3");
    classes.add("Switching Systems");
    classes.add("Analysis Tools");

    //Create adapter for ArrayList
    final ArrayAdapter<String> adapter = new ArrayAdapter<>(this,android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, classes);

    //Insert Adapter into List
    dynamic.setAdapter(adapter);

    //set click functionality for each list item
    dynamic.setOnItemClickListener(new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
            Log.i("User clicked ", classes.get(position));
        }
    });



}