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java – Take a screenshot of RecyclerView in FULL length

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to get a “full page” screenshot of the activity. The view contains a RecyclerView with many items.

I can take a screenshot of the current view with this function:

public Bitmap getScreenBitmap() {
    View v= findViewById(R.id.container).getRootView();
    v.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
    v.buildDrawingCache(true);
    Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(v.getDrawingCache());
    v.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false); // clear drawing cache
    return b;
}

But it contains only the items I can view normally (as expected).

Is there some way to make the RecyclerView magically show in full length (display all items at once) when I take the screenshot?

If not, how should I approach this problem?

How to&Answers:

Here is my solution for LinearLayoutManager when all the items are on same size and there is only one type of item. This solution is based on This answer.

Note: It can possibly lead to out of memory error.

public static Bitmap getRecyclerViewScreenshot(RecyclerView view) {
        int size = view.getAdapter().getItemCount();
        RecyclerView.ViewHolder holder = view.getAdapter().createViewHolder(view, 0);
        view.getAdapter().onBindViewHolder(holder, 0);
        holder.itemView.measure(View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(view.getWidth(), View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY),
                View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));
        holder.itemView.layout(0, 0, holder.itemView.getMeasuredWidth(), holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight());
        Bitmap bigBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getMeasuredWidth(), holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight() * size,
                Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
        Canvas bigCanvas = new Canvas(bigBitmap);
        bigCanvas.drawColor(Color.WHITE);
        Paint paint = new Paint();
        int iHeight = 0;
        holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
        holder.itemView.buildDrawingCache();
        bigCanvas.drawBitmap(holder.itemView.getDrawingCache(), 0f, iHeight, paint);
        holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);
        holder.itemView.destroyDrawingCache();
        iHeight += holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight();
        for (int i = 1; i < size; i++) {
            view.getAdapter().onBindViewHolder(holder, i);
            holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
            holder.itemView.buildDrawingCache();
            bigCanvas.drawBitmap(holder.itemView.getDrawingCache(), 0f, iHeight, paint);
            iHeight += holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight();
            holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);
            holder.itemView.destroyDrawingCache();
        }
        return bigBitmap;
    }

Note 2: It has originally been written in Kotlin. Here is the original code used by me.

Answer:

Inspired from Yoav’s answer. This code works for recyclerview item types and probably regardless of it’s size.

It was tested with a recyclerview having linearlayout manager and three item types. Yet to check it with other layout managers.

public Bitmap getScreenshotFromRecyclerView(RecyclerView view) {
        RecyclerView.Adapter adapter = view.getAdapter();
        Bitmap bigBitmap = null;
        if (adapter != null) {
            int size = adapter.getItemCount();
            int height = 0;
            Paint paint = new Paint();
            int iHeight = 0;
            final int maxMemory = (int) (Runtime.getRuntime().maxMemory() / 1024);

            // Use 1/8th of the available memory for this memory cache.
            final int cacheSize = maxMemory / 8;
            LruCache<String, Bitmap> bitmaCache = new LruCache<>(cacheSize);
            for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
                RecyclerView.ViewHolder holder = adapter.createViewHolder(view, adapter.getItemViewType(i));
                adapter.onBindViewHolder(holder, i);
                holder.itemView.measure(View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(view.getWidth(), View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY),
                        View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));
                holder.itemView.layout(0, 0, holder.itemView.getMeasuredWidth(), holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight());
                holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
                holder.itemView.buildDrawingCache();
                Bitmap drawingCache = holder.itemView.getDrawingCache();
                if (drawingCache != null) {

                    bitmaCache.put(String.valueOf(i), drawingCache);
                }
//                holder.itemView.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);
//                holder.itemView.destroyDrawingCache();
                height += holder.itemView.getMeasuredHeight();
            }

            bigBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getMeasuredWidth(), height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
            Canvas bigCanvas = new Canvas(bigBitmap);
            bigCanvas.drawColor(Color.WHITE);

            for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
                Bitmap bitmap = bitmaCache.get(String.valueOf(i));
                bigCanvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, 0f, iHeight, paint);
                iHeight += bitmap.getHeight();
                bitmap.recycle();
            }

        }
        return bigBitmap;
    }

Answer:

Take the Screenshot of complete Recyclerview regardless of its items and item types:

This piece of code works like a charm.

Here is a clean way to do this short and precise:

recyclerView.measure(
        View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(recyclerView.getWidth(), View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY),
        View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));

Bitmap bm = Bitmap.createBitmap(recyclerView.getWidth(), recyclerView.getMeasuredHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
recyclerView.draw(new Canvas(bm));

saveImage(bm);
ImageView im
          = new ImageView(getActivity());
im.setImageBitmap(bm);
 new AlertDialog.Builder(getActivity()).setView(im).show();

Answer:

I wrote a method to get a screenshot of a few different views:

private static Bitmap getBitmapFromView(View view) {
    if (view.getVisibility() != View.VISIBLE) {
        view = getNextView(view);
        Log.d(TAG, "New view id: " + view.getId());
    }
    //Define a bitmap with the same size as the view
    Bitmap returnedBitmap;
    if (view instanceof ScrollView) {
        returnedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(((ViewGroup) view).getChildAt(0).getWidth(), ((ViewGroup) view).getChildAt(0).getHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    } else if (view instanceof RecyclerView) {
        view.measure(
                View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(view.getWidth(), View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY),
                View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));

        returnedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getWidth(), view.getMeasuredHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    } else {
        returnedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getWidth(), view.getHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    }

    //Bind a canvas to it
    Canvas canvas = new Canvas(returnedBitmap);
    //Get the view's background
    Drawable bgDrawable = view.getBackground();
    if (bgDrawable != null) {
        //has background drawable, then draw it on the canvas
        bgDrawable.draw(canvas);
    } else {
        //does not have background drawable, then draw white background on the canvas
        canvas.drawColor(Color.WHITE);
    }
    // draw the view on the canvas
    view.draw(canvas);
    //return the bitmap
    return returnedBitmap;
}

/**
 * If the base view is not visible, then it has no width or height.
 * This causes a problem when we are creating a PDF based on its size.
 * This method gets the next visible View.
 *
 * @param view The invisible view
 * @return The next visible view after the given View, or the original view if there's no more
 * visible views.
 */
private static View getNextView(View view) {
    if (view.getParent() != null && (view.getParent() instanceof ViewGroup)) {
        ViewGroup group = (ViewGroup) view.getParent();
        View child;
        boolean getNext = false;
        //Iterate through all views from parent
        for (int i = 0; i < group.getChildCount(); i++) {
            child = group.getChildAt(i);
            if (getNext) {
                //Make sure the view is visible, else iterate again until we find a visible view
                if (child.getVisibility() == View.VISIBLE) {
                    Log.d(TAG, String.format(Locale.ENGLISH, "CHILD: %s : %s", child.getClass().getSimpleName(), child.getId()));
                    view = child;
                }
            }
            //Iterate until we find out current view,
            // then we want to get the NEXT view
            if (child.getId() == view.getId()) {
                getNext = true;
            }
        }
    }
    return view;
}