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java.util.Date to XMLGregorianCalendar

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Isn’t there a convenient way of getting from a java.util.Date to a XMLGregorianCalendar?

Answers:
GregorianCalendar c = new GregorianCalendar();
c.setTime(yourDate);
XMLGregorianCalendar date2 = DatatypeFactory.newInstance().newXMLGregorianCalendar(c);

Questions:
Answers:

For those that might end up here looking for the opposite conversion (from XMLGregorianCalendar to Date):

XMLGregorianCalendar xcal = <assume this is initialized>;
java.util.Date dt = xcal.toGregorianCalendar().getTime();

Questions:
Answers:

Here is a method for converting from a GregorianCalendar to XMLGregorianCalendar; I’ll leave the part of converting from a java.util.Date to GregorianCalendar as an exercise for you:

import java.util.GregorianCalendar;

import javax.xml.datatype.DatatypeFactory;
import javax.xml.datatype.XMLGregorianCalendar;

public class DateTest {

   public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
      GregorianCalendar gcal = new GregorianCalendar();
      XMLGregorianCalendar xgcal = DatatypeFactory.newInstance()
            .newXMLGregorianCalendar(gcal);
      System.out.println(xgcal);
   }

}

EDIT: Slooow 🙂

Questions:
Answers:

A one line example using Joda-Time library:

XMLGregorianCalendar xgc = DatatypeFactory.newInstance().newXMLGregorianCalendar(new DateTime().toGregorianCalendar());

Credit to Nicolas Mommaerts from his comment in the accepted answer.

Questions:
Answers:

Just thought I’d add my solution below, since the answers above did not meet my exact needs. My Xml schema required seperate Date and Time elements, not a singe DateTime field. The standard XMLGregorianCalendar constructor used above will generate a DateTime field

Note there a couple of gothca’s, such as having to add one to the month (since java counts months from 0).

GregorianCalendar cal = new GregorianCalendar();
cal.setTime(yourDate);
XMLGregorianCalendar xmlDate = DatatypeFactory.newInstance().newXMLGregorianCalendarDate(cal.get(Calendar.YEAR), cal.get(Calendar.MONTH)+1, cal.get(Calendar.DAY_OF_MONTH), 0);
XMLGregorianCalendar xmlTime = DatatypeFactory.newInstance().newXMLGregorianCalendarTime(cal.get(Calendar.HOUR_OF_DAY), cal.get(Calendar.MINUTE), cal.get(Calendar.SECOND), 0);

Questions:
Answers:

I hope my encoding here is right ;D
To make it faster just use the ugly getInstance() call of GregorianCalendar instead of constructor call:

import java.util.GregorianCalendar;
import javax.xml.datatype.DatatypeFactory;
import javax.xml.datatype.XMLGregorianCalendar;

public class DateTest {

   public static void main(final String[] args) throws Exception {
      // do not forget the type cast :/
      GregorianCalendar gcal = (GregorianCalendar) GregorianCalendar.getInstance();
      XMLGregorianCalendar xgcal = DatatypeFactory.newInstance()
            .newXMLGregorianCalendar(gcal);
      System.out.println(xgcal);
   }

}

Questions:
Answers:

Assuming you are decoding or encoding xml and using JAXB, then it’s possible to replace the dateTime binding entirely and use something else than `XMLGregorianCalendar’ for every date in the schema.

In that way you can have JAXB do the repetitive stuff while you can spend the time on writing awesome code that delivers value.

Example for a jodatime DateTime: (Doing this with java.util.Date would also work – but with certain limitations. I prefer jodatime and it’s copied from my code so I know it works…)

<jxb:globalBindings>
    <jxb:javaType name="org.joda.time.LocalDateTime" xmlType="xs:dateTime"
        parseMethod="test.util.JaxbConverter.parseDateTime"
        printMethod="se.seb.bis.test.util.JaxbConverter.printDateTime" />
    <jxb:javaType name="org.joda.time.LocalDate" xmlType="xs:date"
        parseMethod="test.util.JaxbConverter.parseDate"
        printMethod="test.util.JaxbConverter.printDate" />
    <jxb:javaType name="org.joda.time.LocalTime" xmlType="xs:time"
        parseMethod="test.util.JaxbConverter.parseTime"
        printMethod="test.util.JaxbConverter.printTime" />
    <jxb:serializable uid="2" />
</jxb:globalBindings>

And the converter:

public class JaxbConverter {
static final DateTimeFormatter dtf = ISODateTimeFormat.dateTimeNoMillis();
static final DateTimeFormatter df = ISODateTimeFormat.date();
static final DateTimeFormatter tf = ISODateTimeFormat.time();

public static LocalDateTime parseDateTime(String s) {
    try {
        if (StringUtils.trimToEmpty(s).isEmpty())
            return null;
        LocalDateTime r = dtf.parseLocalDateTime(s);
        return r;
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

public static String printDateTime(LocalDateTime d) {
    try {
        if (d == null)
            return null;
        return dtf.print(d);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

public static LocalDate parseDate(String s) {
    try {
        if (StringUtils.trimToEmpty(s).isEmpty())
            return null;
        return df.parseLocalDate(s);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

public static String printDate(LocalDate d) {
    try {
        if (d == null)
            return null;
        return df.print(d);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

public static String printTime(LocalTime d) {
    try {
        if (d == null)
            return null;
        return tf.print(d);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

public static LocalTime parseTime(String s) {
    try {
        if (StringUtils.trimToEmpty(s).isEmpty())
            return null;
        return df.parseLocalTime(s);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(e);
    }
}

See here:
how replace XmlGregorianCalendar by Date?

If you are happy to just map to an instant based on the timezone+timestamp, and the original timezone is not really relevant, then java.util.Date is probably fine too.

Questions:
Answers:

Check out this code :-

/* Create Date Object */
Date date = new Date();
XMLGregorianCalendar xmlDate = null;
GregorianCalendar gc = new GregorianCalendar();

gc.setTime(date);

try{
    xmlDate = DatatypeFactory.newInstance().newXMLGregorianCalendar(gc);
}
catch(Exception e){
    e.printStackTrace();
}

System.out.println("XMLGregorianCalendar :- " + xmlDate);

You can see complete example here