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javascript – Google reCaptcha response "Uncaught (in promise) null"

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m use reCaptcha v2 but in dev console response Uncaught (in promise) null in in any case (and moving the .reset() function)

console:

enter image description here

my code for recaptcha:

<div class="text-xs-center" style="text-align: center; height:150px;">
    <p style="color: black;"> Complete the verification: </p>
    <div style="display: inline-block;" class="g-recaptcha" data-sitekey="xxxxxxxxxxx" data-callback="callback"></div>
</div>

my callback function:

function callback() {
    if (grecaptcha === undefined) {
        alert('Recaptcha non definito'); 
        return; 
    }

    var response = grecaptcha.getResponse();
    console.log(response);

    if (!response) {
        alert('Coud not get recaptcha response'); 
        return; 
    }

    $.ajax({
    'url' : 'validate-recaptcha.php',
    'type' : 'POST',
    'data' : {
        'response' : response   
    },
    'success' : function(data) {              
        alert('Data: '+data);
    },
    'error' : function(request,error)
    {
        alert("Request: "+JSON.stringify(request));
    }
    });
    grecaptcha.reset();
}

and my validate-recaptcha.php:

<?php
//debug
$fp = fopen('debug.txt', 'a');
fwrite($fp, print_r($_POST, TRUE));
fclose($fp);
//enddebug

if (empty($_POST['recaptcha'])) {
    exit('Please set recaptcha variable');
}
// validate recaptcha
$response = $_POST['recaptcha'];
$post = http_build_query(
    array (
        'response' => $response,
        'secret' => 'yoursecretkey',
        'remoteip' => $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR']
    )
);
$opts = array('http' => 
    array (
        'method' => 'POST',
        'header' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',
        'content' => $post
    )
);
$context = stream_context_create($opts);
$serverResponse = @file_get_contents('https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api/siteverify', false, $context);
if (!$serverResponse) {
    exit('Failed to validate Recaptcha');
}
$result = json_decode($serverResponse);
if (!$result -> success) {
    exit('Invalid Recaptcha');
}
exit('Recaptcha Validated');

Searching on the internet, probably the problem is the .reset() function, but I do not understand the solution.

How to&Answers:

Recaptcha v2 callback js error

I had this error too and I found is related with the recaptcha callback (in your case data-callback="callback"). If you remove your data-callback attribute the error won’t come up.

The console error Uncaught (in promise) null indicates the callback is waiting for a promise. Here’s a basic callback function for recaptcha using promises:

function callback() {
    return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) { 

    //Your code logic goes here

    //Instead of using 'return false', use reject()
    //Instead of using 'return' / 'return true', use resolve()
    resolve();

  }); //end promise
};

In your case you need to adjust your code to something like this:

function callback() {
  return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {  

    if (grecaptcha === undefined) {
        alert('Recaptcha non definito'); 
        //return;
        reject();
    }

    var response = grecaptcha.getResponse();
    console.log(response);

    if (!response) {
        alert('Coud not get recaptcha response'); 
        //return;
        reject();
    }

    $.ajax({
    'url' : 'validate-recaptcha.php',
    'type' : 'POST',
    'data' : {
        'response' : response   
    },
    'success' : function(data) {              
        alert('Data: '+data);
        resolve();
    },
    'error' : function(request,error)
    {
        alert("Request: "+JSON.stringify(request));
        reject();   
    }
    });
    grecaptcha.reset();

  }); //end promise
}

This is my first answer in SO, so please be patient and let me know if I forgot or missed something 🙂

Answer:

Turns out it also occurs when a site is not “registered” in the Google recaptcha/admin Domains area.

Solution: Add the domain in the recaptcha admin area:

  1. Sign into your Google account where your recaptcha keys are registered
  2. Type into Google “google recpatcha admin console”
  3. Go to your settings for your (production) key
  4. In “Domains”, add these two entries:
localhost
127.0.0.1
  1. Save it and test your recaptcha.

I made this error when I switched from a development key to a production key. The production key did not have any entries for localhost.

I configured the API response to sit behind a proxy-redirect. Therefore the verification was working in a localhost environment which was not configured in the Google Admin console which caused this generic error.

Credit to @Christian Žagarskas who pointed it out in his comment.

Answer:

Another trigger for this error that plagued me was having a button in the form with a name attribute of ‘submit’. If using the automatic binding example code from the reCaptcha documentation, this will trip it up, since ‘form.submit’ will refer to the button rather than the submit() function of the form itself. Doh!

<html>
  <head>
    <title>reCAPTCHA demo: Simple page</title>
     <script src="https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api.js" async defer></script>
     <script>
       function onSubmit(token) {
         document.getElementById("demo-form").submit();
       }
     </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id='demo-form' action="?" method="POST">
      <!-- Oops.... avoid the name="submit" below -->
      <button name="submit" class="g-recaptcha" data-sitekey="your_site_key" data-callback='onSubmit'>Submit</button>
      <br/>
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Answer:

In my case, my callback just referenced some variable that didn’t exist and I saw the same error. Very weird error for something so simple!

I also saw the same error when I left a . after a variable name on accident. Seems like this is a super generic error that means fix the code in your callback!.

Answer:

I feel I should add an answer here with my specific experience. I give credit to the top answer, which will be part of my answer.

I was getting: Uncaught (in promise) null. When I expanded the error in the console it was empty.

I changed my code from this:

function onSubmit(token) {
    if (grecaptcha.getResponse() !== "") {
        $('#request-form').submit();
    }
    grecaptcha.reset();
}

To this:

function onSubmit(token) {
    return new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {

        if (grecaptcha.getResponse() !== "") {
            $('#request-form').submit();
        }
        grecaptcha.reset();

    });
}

What this change does is allows you to receive a specific error message in your console. You can then proceed to fix your specific problem.

Answer:

Similar to John Rix issue/solution. I also got the error when the id of the submit element was ‘submit’.

<!-- Avoid id="submit" below -->
<input type="submit" id="submit" value="submit">```

Answer:

In my case I was using jquery.3.4.1.slim.js then I changed to jquery.3.4.1.min.js and the error disappeared. I’m on ASP.NET WebForms .