Home » Php » Laravel eloquent counting a relation

Laravel eloquent counting a relation

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m new to laravel and eloquent and I’m not sure if this is even possible. but I have 2 tables with a one to many relationship. One is “locations” and one is “users”. One location can have many users.

So if I wanted to get all locations with all users I would just do this:

Location::with("users")->get();

But I also want to know how many users each location has, I tried doing this

Location::with("users")->count("users")->get();

But that didn’t work.

Answers:

The n+1 issue that was mentioned doesn’t occur if you use eager loading.

$locations = Location::with('users')->get();

$locations->users()->count();

This should result in three queries, no matter how many users or locations you have.

  • count query against the location model
  • select * from locations
  • select * from users where in

The confusion arises from the fact that this also works:

$locations = Location::all();

$locations->users()->count();

But in this case, it does query once for each location.

See the docs for more info:
http://laravel.com/docs/eloquent#eager-loading

Questions:
Answers:

You need to call the count method on each Location record to get users count per location, here is an example:

foreach(Location::get() as $location) // or foreach(Location::with("users")->get() as $location)
{
  echo $location->users()->count();
}

This should solve your problem and give you the number of users per each location. You can add a check in the loop to ignore locations with users’ count = 0