I was told today that I should really be using PDO and prepared statements in my application. Whilst I understand the benefits, I am struggling to understand how I implement them into my workflow. Aside from the fact that it makes code much cleaner, should I have a specific database class which houses all my prepared statements or should I create one each time I want to run a query? I’m finding it very hard to understand when I should use a standard PDO query and when I should use a prepared statement. Any examples, tips or tutorial links would be greatly appreciated.
There are two great examples on the pdo::prepare() documentation.
I have included them here and simplified them a bit.
This one uses
$dbh is basically a PDO object. And what you are doing is putting the values
'red' into the first and second question mark respectively.
/* Execute a prepared statement by passing an array of values */ $sth = $dbh->prepare('SELECT name, colour, calories FROM fruit WHERE calories < ? AND colour = ?'); $sth->execute(array(150, 'red')); $red = $sth->fetchAll();
This one uses named parameters and is a bit more complex.
/* Execute a prepared statement by passing an array of values */ $sql = 'SELECT name, colour, calories FROM fruit WHERE calories < :calories AND colour = :colour'; $sth = $dbh->prepare($sql, array(PDO::ATTR_CURSOR => PDO::CURSOR_FWDONLY)); $sth->execute(array(':calories' => 150, ':colour' => 'red')); $red = $sth->fetchAll();