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Mysql: select * from table where col IN (null, “”) possible without OR

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

is its somehow possible to do a select for empty strings and NULL values in Mysql without using or?

this:

   select * from table where col IN (null, "");

doesnt work, it ignores the null (or possibly matches it with the string ‘null’

thanks,
P.V. Goddijn

Answers:
SELECT  *
FROM    mytable
WHERE   COALESCE(col, '') = ''

Note, however, than OR query will be much more efficient if the column is indexed:

SELECT  *
FROM    mytable
WHERE   col = '' OR col IS NULL

This will use ref_or_null access path on the index.

If you need to select from a list of values along with NULLs, just put all not-null values into the list and add a single OR IS NULL condition:

SELECT  *
FROM    mytable
WHERE   col IN ('val1', 'val2', 'val3') OR col IS NULL

This will use an index on col as well.