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Need sample Android REST Client project which implements Virgil Dobjanschi REST implementation pattern

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to build a REST Client on an android phone.

The REST server exposes several resources, e.g. (GET)

http://foo.bar/customer      List of all customer
http://foo.bar/customer/4711    The customer with id 4711
http://foo.bar/customer/vip     List of all VIP customer

http://foo.bar/company           List of all companys
http://foo.bar/company/4711     The company with the ID 4711
http://foo.bar/company/vip      List of all VIP companys

I (think) I know how to talk to the REST server and get the information I need. I would implement a REST Client class with an API like this

public List<Customer> getCustomers();
public Customer getCustomer(final String id);
public List<Customer> getVipCustomer();

public List<Company> getCompanies();
public Customer getCompany(final String id);
public List<Customer> getVipCompanies();

Referred to the presentation “Developing Android REST client applications” from Virgil Dobjanschi I learned that it is no good idea to handle the REST request in an Worker Thread of the Activity. Instead I should use the Service API.

I like the idea of having a Singleton ServiceHelper which binds to a (Local) Service but I am afraid that I did not understand the Service concept correct.

For now I do not understand how to report a REST call result (done asynchrounous in a Service) back to the caller Activity. I also wonder if I need ONE Service which handles all REST requests (with different return types) or if I need a dedicated service for each REST request.

Probably I have many other understanding problems so the best thing for me would be a sample application which meets my needs. My use case is not unusual and I hope there is in example application out there.

Would you please let me know!

Any other suggestions which points me in the correct implementation direction are also helpful (Android API-Demo does not match my use case).

Thanks in advance.

Klaus

EDIT: Similar Topics found on SO (after posting this) which lead me in the direction I need (minimizing the complex “Dobjanschi pattern”):

Answers:

OverView

Edit:

Anyone interest also consider taking a look at RESTful android this might give you a better look about it.

What i learned from the experience on trying to implement the Dobjanschi Model, is that not everything is written in stone and he only give you the overview of what to do this might changed from app to app but the formula is:

Follow this ideas + Add your own = Happy Android application

The model on some apps may vary from requirement some might not need the Account for the SyncAdapter other might use C2DM, this one that i worked recently might help someone:


Create an application that have Account and AccountManager

It will allow you to use the SyncAdapter to synchronized your data. This have been discussed on Create your own SyncAdapter

Create a ContentProvider (if it suits your needs)

This abstraction allows you to not only access the database but goes to the ServiceHelper to execute REST calls as it has one-per-one Mapping method with the REST Arch.

Content Provider | REST Method

query —————-> GET

insert —————-> PUT

update —————-> POST

delete —————-> DELETE

ServiceHelper Layering

This guy will basicly start (a) service(s) that execute a Http(not necessarily the protocol but it’s the most common) REST method with the parameters that you passed from the ContentProvider. I passed the match integer that is gotten from the UriMatcher on the content Provider so i know what REST resource to access, i.e.

class ServiceHelper{

    public static void execute(Context context,int match,String parameters){
//find the service resource (/path/to/remote/service with the match
//start service with parameters 
    }

}

The service

Gets executed (I use IntentService most of the time) and it goes to the RESTMethod with the params passed from the helper, what is it good for? well remember Service are good to run things in background.

Also implement a BroadCastReceiver so when the service is done with its work notify my Activity that registered this Broadcast and requery again. I believe this last step is not on Virgill Conference but I’m pretty sure is a good way to go.

RESTMethod class

Takes the parameters, the WS resource(http://myservice.com/service/path) adds the parameters,prepared everything, execute the call, and save the response.

If the authtoken is needed you can requested from the AccountManager
If the calling of the service failed because authentication, you can invalidate the authtoken and reauth to get a new token.

Finally the RESTMethod gives me either a XML or JSON no matter i create a processor based on the matcher and pass the response.

The processor

It’s in charged of parsing the response and insert it locally.

A Sample Application? Of course!

Also if you are interesting on a test application you look at Eli-G, it might not be the best example but it follow the Service REST approach, it is built with ServiceHelper, Processor, ContentProvider, Loader, and Broadcast.

Questions:
Answers:

Programming Android has a complete chapter (13. Exploring Content Providers) dedicated to ‘Option B: Use the ContentProvider API’ from Virgil’s Google I/O talk.

We are not the only ones who see the benefits of this approach. At the Google I/O conference in May 2010, Virgil Dobjanschi of Google presented a talk that outlined the following three patterns for using content providers to integrate RESTful web services into Android applications…

In this chapter, we’ll explore the second pattern in detail with our second Finch video example; this strategy will yield a number of important benefits for your applications. Due to the elegance with which this approach integrates network operations into Android MVC, we’ve given it the moniker “Network MVC.”

A future edition of Programming Android may address the other two approaches, as well as document more details of this Google presentation. After you finish reading this chapter, we suggest that you view Google’s talk.

Highly recommended.

Programming Android by Zigurd Mednieks, Laird Dornin, G. Blake Meike, and Masumi Nakamura. Copyright 2011 O’Reilly Media, Inc., 978-1-449-38969-7.

Questions:
Answers:

“Developing Android REST client applications” by Virgil Dobjanschi led to much discussion, since no source code was presented during the session or was provided afterwards.

  • A reference implementation is available under http://datadroid.foxykeep.com (the Google IO session is mentioned under /presentation). It is a library which you can use in your own application.
  • Android Priority Job Queue was inspired by Dobjanschi’s talk and sounds very promising to me.

Please comment if you know more implementations.

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Answers:

We have developped a library that adresses this issue : RoboSpice.

The library uses the “service approach” described by Virgil Dobjanschi and Neil Goodmann, but we offer a complete all-in-one solution that :

  • executes asynchronously (in a background AndroidService) network
    requests that will return POJOs (ex: REST requests)
  • caches results (in Json, or Xml, or flat text files, or binary files)
  • notifies your activities (or any other context) of the result of the network
    request if they are still alive
  • doesn’t notify your activities of the
    result if they are not alive anymore
  • notifies your activities on
    their UI Thread
  • uses a simple but robust exception handling model
  • supports multiple ContentServices to aggregate different web services
    results
  • supports multi-threading of request executions
  • is strongly
    typed !
  • is open source 😉
  • and tested

We are actually looking for feedback from the community.

Questions:
Answers:

Retrofit could be very helpful here, it builds an Adapter for you from a very simple configuration like:

Retrofit turns your REST API into a Java interface.

public interface GitHubService {
  @GET("/users/{user}/repos")
  List<Repo> listRepos(@Path("user") String user);
}

The RestAdapter class generates an implementation of the GitHubService interface.

RestAdapter restAdapter = new RestAdapter.Builder()
    .setEndpoint("https://api.github.com")
    .build();

GitHubService service = restAdapter.create(GitHubService.class);
Each call on the generated GitHubService makes an HTTP request to the remote webserver.

List<Repo> repos = service.listRepos("octocat");

for more information visit the official site: http://square.github.io/retrofit/

Note: the adapter RestAdapter you get from Retrofit is not derived from BaseAdapter you should make a wrapper for it somehow like this SO question
Why is my ListView empty after calling setListAdapter inside ListFragment?

Questions:
Answers:

This is a little late but here is an article which explains the first pattern from the talk:

http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/429997/Sample-Implementation-of-Virgil-Dobjanschis-Rest-p

The thing I like about the first pattern is that the interface to the rest methods is a plain class, and the Content Provider is left to simply provide access to the database.

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Answers:

You should check out the source code for Google’s official I/O 2010 app, for starters, particularly the SyncService and the various classes in the io subpackage.

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Answers:

Good news guys.
An implementation of the service helper is available here: https://github.com/MathiasSeguy-Android2EE/MythicServiceHelper
It’s an open source project (Apache 2).
I am at the beginning of the project. I’ve done a project where I defined the pattern to do, but i haven’t yet extract the code to make a clean librairy.
It will be done soon.