Home » Angularjs » ng-options with simple array init

ng-options with simple array init

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m a little bit confused with Angular and ng-options.

I have a simple array and I want to init a select with it. But, I want that options value = label.

script.js

$scope.options = ['var1', 'var2', 'var3'];

html

<select ng-model="myselect" ng-options="o for o in options"></select>

What I get:

<option value="0">var1</option>
<option value="1">var2</option>
<option value="2">var3</option>

What I want:

<option value="var1">var1</option>
<option value="var2">var2</option>
<option value="var3">var3</option>

So I tried:

<select ng-model="myselect2" ng-init=0 ng-options="options[k] as v for (k,v) in options"></select>

<select ng-model="myselect3" ng-init=0 ng-options="b as b for b in options"></select>

(But it didn’t work.)

Edit:

My form is submitted externally, which is why I need ‘var1’ as the value instead of 0.

Answers:

You actually had it correct in your third attempt.

 <select ng-model="myselect" ng-options="o as o for o in options"></select>

See a working example here:
http://plnkr.co/edit/xEERH2zDQ5mPXt9qCl6k?p=preview

The trick is that AngularJS writes the keys as numbers from 0 to n anyway, and translates back when updating the model.

As a result, the HTML will look incorrect but the model will still be set properly when choosing a value. (i.e. AngularJS will translate ‘0’ back to ‘var1’)

The solution by Epokk also works, however if you’re loading data asynchronously you might find it doesn’t always update correctly. Using ngOptions will correctly refresh when the scope changes.

Questions:
Answers:

You can use ng-repeat with option like this:

<form>
    <select ng-model="yourSelect" 
        ng-options="option as option for option in ['var1', 'var2', 'var3']"
        ng-init="yourSelect='var1'"></select>
    <input type="hidden" name="yourSelect" value="{{yourSelect}}" />
</form>

When you submit your form you can get value of input hidden.


DEMO

ng-selected
ng-repeat

Questions:
Answers:

If you setup your select like the following:

<select ng-model="myselect" ng-options="b for b in options track by b"></select>

you will get:

<option value="var1">var1</option>
<option value="var2">var2</option>
<option value="var3">var3</option>

working fiddle: http://jsfiddle.net/x8kCZ/15/

Questions:
Answers:

you could use something like

<select ng-model="myselect">
    <option ng-repeat="o in options" ng-selected="{{o==myselect}}" value="{{o}}">
        {{o}}
    </option>
</select>

using ng-selected you preselect the option in case myselect was prefilled.

I prefer this method over ng-options anyway, as ng-options only works with arrays. ng-repeat also works with json-like objects.

Questions:
Answers:
<select ng-model="option" ng-options="o for o in options">

$scope.option will be equal to ‘var1’ after change, even you see value=”0″ in generated html

plunker