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php – Ajax File Upload With Form Data Laravel 5.3

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

i want to upload a profile image of a user to the server and i’m stuck at ajax upload of image

all my form data are posting to database including the image name but the file is not uploading to the server

my view is

//form
<form id="example-form" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
    {!! csrf_field() !!}
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col m12">
            <div class="row">
                <div class="input-field col m12 s12">
                    <input id="name" name="name" type="text" placeholder="Full Name" class="required validate">
                </div>
                <div class="input-field col s12">
                    <input id="email" name="email" type="email" placeholder="Email" class="required validate">
                </div>
                <div class="input-field col s12">
                    <input id="phone_number" name="phone_number" type="tel" placeholder="Phone Number" class="required validate">
                </div>                                                        
                <div class="input-field col m6 s12">
                    <input id="address" name="address_city_village" type="text" placeholder="Address City Village">
                </div>
                <div class="input-field col m6 s12">
                    <input id="state" name="address_state" type="text" placeholder="State">
                </div>                                                        
                <div class="input-field col s12">
                    <input id="password" name="password" type="password" placeholder="Password" class="required validate">
                </div>
                <div class="input-field col s12">
                    <input id="confirm" name="confirm" type="password" placeholder="Confirm Password" class="required validate">
                </div>
                <div class="file-field input-field col s12">
                    <div class="btn teal lighten-1">
                        <span>Image</span>
                        <input type="file" name="image">
                    </div>
                    <div class="file-path-wrapper">
                        <input class="file-path validate" type="text" >
                    </div>
                </div>                                                        
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="modal-footer">
<button type="submit" class="waves-effect waves-green btn blue">Submit</button>
</div>
</form>

//ajax
$(document).on("click", ".agent-add", function () {

    var agent_id = $(this).data('id');

    $('form').submit(function(event) {
        event.preventDefault();
        $.ajax
        ({
            url: '{{ url('/agents') }}',
            type: 'POST',              
            data: {
                "_method": 'POST',
                "name": $('input[name=name]').val(),
                "email": $('input[name=email]').val(),
                "phone_number": $('input[name=phone_number]').val(),
                "address_city_village": $('input[name=address_city_village]').val(),
                "address_state": $('input[name=address_state]').val(),
                "image": $('input[name=image]').val(),
                "password": $('input[name=password]').val()
            },
            success: function(result)
            {
                location.reload();
            },
            error: function(data)
            {
                console.log(data);
            }
        });

    });
}); 

my controller is

public function store(Request $request)
{
    if (User::where('phone_number', '=', Input::get('phone_number'))->exists()) {
       return $this->respondBadRequest('Phone Number Exists');
    }
    else 
    {
        User::create($request->all());

        return redirect('agents')->with('Success', 'Agent Added');

        if($request->hasFile('image')) {
            $file = $request->file('image');

            //you also need to keep file extension as well
            $name = $file->getClientOriginalName().'.'.$file->getClientOriginalExtension();

            //using array instead of object
            $image['filePath'] = $name;
            $file->move(public_path().'/uploads/', $name);

        }
    }
}

i guess i’m missing something in ajax posting, but i couldn’t figure it out

i dd($request->all());

the result is

array:9 [▼
  "_token" => "heSkwHd8uSIotbqV1TxtAoG95frcRTATgeGL0aPM"
  "name" => "fwe"
  "email" => "[email protected]"
  "phone_number" => "4444422555"
  "address_city_village" => "sgf"
  "address_state" => "gfdgsdf"
  "password" => "ffffff"
  "confirm" => "ffffff"
  "image" => UploadedFile {#208 ▼
    -test: false
    -originalName: "Screenshot (8).png"
    -mimeType: "image/png"
    -size: 135920
    -error: 0
    path: "C:\wamp\tmp"
    filename: "php47F2.tmp"
    basename: "php47F2.tmp"
    pathname: "C:\wamp\tmp\php47F2.tmp"
    extension: "tmp"
    realPath: "C:\wamp\tmp\php47F2.tmp"
    aTime: 2017-01-24 06:14:40
    mTime: 2017-01-24 06:14:40
    cTime: 2017-01-24 06:14:40
    inode: 0
    size: 135920
    perms: 0100666
    owner: 0
    group: 0
    type: "file"
    writable: true
    readable: true
    executable: false
    file: true
    dir: false
    link: false
    linkTarget: "C:\wamp\tmp\php47F2.tmp"
  }
]

i checked the C:\wamp\tmp\php47F2.tmp enen there i din’t find the image

looking forward for much needed help

thank you

How to&Answers:

Try using the FormData in ajax while you upload a file.

Just try this

$('form').submit(function(event) {
    event.preventDefault();
    var formData = new FormData($(this)[0]);
    $.ajax({
        url: '{{ url('/agents') }}',
        type: 'POST',              
        data: formData,
        success: function(result)
        {
            location.reload();
        },
        error: function(data)
        {
            console.log(data);
        }
    });

});

OR

You can try with this jQuery library

https://github.com/malsup/form

EDIT

public function store(Request $request)
{
    if (User::where('phone_number', '=', Input::get('phone_number'))->exists()) {
       return $this->respondBadRequest('Phone Number Exists');
    }
    else 
    {
        $user=User::create($request->all());

        if($request->hasFile('image')) {
           $file = $request->file('image');

           //you also need to keep file extension as well
           $name = $file->getClientOriginalName().'.'.$file->getClientOriginalExtension();

           //using the array instead of object
           $image['filePath'] = $name;
           $file->move(public_path().'/uploads/', $name);
           $user->image= public_path().'/uploads/'. $name;
           $user->save();
        }
        return redirect('agents')->with('Success', 'Agent Added');
    }
}

Answer:

Try something like this:

$('#upload').on('click', function() {
        var file_data = $('#pic').prop('files')[0];
        var form_data = new FormData();
        form_data.append('file', file_data);

        $.ajax({
                url         : 'route_url',
                dataType    : 'text',           // what to expect back from the PHP script, if anything
                cache       : false,
                contentType : false,
                processData : false,
                data        : form_data,                         
                type        : 'post',
                success     : function(output){
                    alert(output);              // display response from the PHP script, if any
                }
         });
    });

Answer:

Just me or does your <input type="file"> not have a “name” attribute? Therefore the server is not receive the file data from the post?

EDIT:

After you insert the record into the database, you then handle the file uploading – but you never then update the record with the files name.

*Just confirm that the file was uploaded.

Answer:

name attribute not set for the file type input. May be?

Answer:

I will explain using a simple example.

HTML:

<form id="header_image_frm" method="POST" action="">
    <input type="file" name="header_image" id="header_image" value="Upload Header Image">
</form>

JS: (Properties of ajax called contentType, processData must)

<script>
  $(document).ready(function() {
    $('#header_image').change(function() {
        let formData = new FormData($('#header_image_frm')[0]);
        let file = $('input[type=file]')[0].files[0];
        formData.append('file', file, file.name);
        $.ajax({
            url: '{{ url("/post/upload_header") }}',
            headers: {'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')},
            type: 'POST',   
            contentType: false,
            processData: false,   
            cache: false,        
            data: formData,
            success: function(data) {
                console.log(data);
            },
            error: function(data) {
                console.log(data);
            }
        });
    });
  });
</script>

Laravel / PHP:

public function upload(Request $request) {
  if ($_FILES['file']['name']) {
    if (!$_FILES['file']['error']) {
        $name = md5(rand(100, 200));
        $ext = explode('.', $_FILES['file']['name']);
        $filename = $name . '.' . $ext[1];
        $destination = public_path() . '/images/' . $filename;
        $location = $_FILES["file"]["tmp_name"];
        move_uploaded_file($location, $destination);
        echo '/images/' . $filename;
    } else {
        echo = 'Ooops!  Your upload triggered the following error:  '.$_FILES['file']['error'];
    }
  }
}