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php – array_map vs loop and operation

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Using:

for($i=1; $i<= 10000; ++$i) {
    $arrayOfNumbers[] = rand(1, 99999);
}

Can some explain why there is such a speed difference:

array_map(array($maxHeap, 'insert'), $arrayOfNumbers);
# Avg Time: 0.92856907844543s

# against

foreach($arrayOfNumbers as $number) {
    $maxHeap->insert($number);
}
# Avg Time: 1.3148670101166

$maxHeap being an object class MaxHeap extends SplMaxHeap

How to&Answers:

It is due to the difference between Callback functions and normal functions.

In the second one, iteration of array using foreach, each iteration calls “insert” function and wait for the execution (function return control) and proceed to next iteration.

But in the array_map function, “insert” happens as callback function, it calls “insert” and don’t wait for the result and call insert with next item in the array. So it is faster.

Hope it helps.

Answer:

To my knowledge php doesn’t do anything asynchronously, in contrast to Sajith Amma’s answer.

I suspect that this is actually due to differences in the lookup of $maxHeap->insert.

With the foreach loop the you are calling $maxHeap->insert within the current scope, the php interpreter has to look up maxHeap then lookup insert on the maxHeap instance. Within the scope of the script you are running there might be other variables which can make the lookup slower.

With the array_map the php interpreter knows it will be calling the exact same $maxHeap->insert, it can do the lookup just once and use the same ‘code address’ for the rest of the iterations.