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php – Check if a page is a parent or if it's a child page?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment


Is it possible to check if a page is a parent or if it’s a child page?

I have my pages set up like this:

— Parent

—- Child page 1

—- Child page 2


I want to show a certain menu if it’s a parent page and a different menu if it’s on the child page.

I know I can do something like below but I want to make it a bit more dynamic without including specific page ID’s.

if ($post->post_parent == '100') { // if current page is child of page with page ID 100
   // show image X 
How to&Answers:

You can test if the post is a subpage like this:
*(from http://codex.wordpress.org/Conditional_Tags)*


global $post;     // if outside the loop

if ( is_page() && $post->post_parent ) {
    // This is a subpage

} else {
    // This is not a subpage


I know this is an old question but I was searching for this same question and couldn’t find a clear and simple answer until I came up with this one. My answer doesn’t answer his explanation but it answers the main question which is what I was looking for.

This checks whether a page is a child or a parent and allows you to show, for example a sidebar menu, only on pages that are either a child or a parent and not on pages that do not have a parent nor children.

   global $post;    
   $children = get_pages( array( 'child_of' => $post->ID ) );
   if ( is_page() && ($post->post_parent || count( $children ) > 0  )) : 


Put this function in the functions.php file of your theme.

function is_page_child($pid) {// $pid = The ID of the page we're looking for pages underneath
  global $post;         // load details about this page
  $anc = get_post_ancestors( $post->ID );
  foreach($anc as $ancestor) {
      if(is_page() && $ancestor == $pid) {
          return true;
     return true;   // we're at the page or at a sub page
      return false;  // we're elsewhere

Then you can use it:

    if(is_page_child(100)) {
        // show image X