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PHP check if file is an image

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Is there a way to make sure a received file is an image in PHP?

Testing for the extension doesn’t sound very secure to me as you could upload a script and change its extension to whatever you want.

I’ve tried to use getimagesize too, but there might be something more suited for that particular problem.

How to&Answers:

Native way to get the mimetype:

For PHP < 5.3 use mime_content_type()
For PHP >= 5.3 use finfo_open() or mime_content_type()

Alternatives to get the MimeType are exif_imagetype and getimagesize, but these rely on having the appropriate libs installed. In addition, they will likely just return image mimetypes, instead of the whole list given in magic.mime.

While mime_content_type is available from PHP 4.3 and is part of the FileInfo extension (which is enabled by default since PHP 5.3, except for Windows platforms, where it must be enabled manually, for details see here).

If you don’t want to bother about what is available on your system, just wrap all four functions into a proxy method that delegates the function call to whatever is available, e.g.

function getMimeType($filename)
{
    $mimetype = false;
    if(function_exists('finfo_open')) {
        // open with FileInfo
    } elseif(function_exists('getimagesize')) {
        // open with GD
    } elseif(function_exists('exif_imagetype')) {
       // open with EXIF
    } elseif(function_exists('mime_content_type')) {
       $mimetype = mime_content_type($filename);
    }
    return $mimetype;
}

Answer:

The getimagesize() should be the most definite way of working out whether the file is an image:

if(@is_array(getimagesize($mediapath))){
    $image = true;
} else {
    $image = false;
}

because this is a sample getimagesize() output:

Array (
[0] => 800
[1] => 450
[2] => 2
[3] => width="800" height="450"
[bits] => 8
[channels] => 3
[mime] => image/jpeg)

Answer:

Using file extension and getimagesize function to detect if uploaded file has right format is just the entry level check and it can simply bypass by uploading a file with true extension and some byte of an image header but wrong content.

for being secure and safe you may make thumbnail/resize (even with original image sizes) the uploaded picture and save this version instead the uploaded one.
Also its possible to get uploaded file content and search it for special character like <?php to find the file is image or not.