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php – Comparing String to Integer gives strange results

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m really confused as to why this operation works. Can someone explain it?

$test1 = "d85d1d81b25614a3504a3d5601a9cb2e";
$test2 = "3581169b064f71be1630b321d3ca318f";

if ($test1 == 0)
  echo "Test 1 is Equal!?";
if ($test2 == 0)
  echo "Test 2 is Equal!?";

// Returns: Test 1 is Equal!?

For clarification, I am trying to compare the string "0" to the $test variables. I already know to fix the code I can just enclose (as I should have) the 0 in ""s

I’m wondering if this is a PHP bug, a server bug, or somehow a valid operation. According to http://us3.php.net/types.comparisons this should not have worked.

Edit: Scratch that, apparently it does mention that Loose comparisons between string and 0 is true. But I still don’t know why.

Edit 2: I’ve revised my question, why does the $test2 value of "3581169b064f71be1630b321d3ca318f" not work?

How to&Answers:

From the PHP manual:

String conversion to numbers

When a string is evaluated in a
numeric context, the resulting value
and type are determined as follows.

The string will be evaluated as a
float if it contains any of the
characters ‘.’, ‘e’, or ‘E’.
Otherwise, it will be evaluated as an
integer.

The value is given by the initial
portion of the string. If the string
starts with valid numeric data, this
will be the value used. Otherwise, the
value will be 0 (zero). Valid numeric
data is an optional sign, followed by
one or more digits (optionally
containing a decimal point), followed
by an optional exponent. The exponent
is an ‘e’ or ‘E’ followed by one or
more digits.

Answer:

Type conversion using the == operator

The == operator is a loosely-typed comparison. It will convert both to a common type and compare them. The way strings are converted to integers is explained here.

Note that the page you linked to doesn’t contradict this. Check the second table, where it says that comparing the integer 0 to a string "php" using == shall be true.

What happens is that the string is converted to integer, and non-numeric strings (strings that do not contain or begin with a number) convert to 0.

Numeric vs non-numeric strings

A string that consists of a number, or begins with a number, is considered a numeric string. If the string has other characters after that number, these are ignored.

If a string starts with a character that cannot be interpreted as part of a number, then it is a non-numeric string and will convert to 0. This doesn’t mean that a numeric string has to start with a digit (0-9) – for example "-1" is a numeric string because the minus sign is part of a number in that case.

So for example, your string "d85d1d81b25614a3504a3d5601a9cb2e" does not start with a number, so it would convert to 0. But your second string "3581169b064f71be1630b321d3ca318f" would be converted to integer 3581169. So that’s why your second test does not work the same way.

What you should do

You probably want:

if ($test1 === "0")

Notice the use of triple equals instead of a double equals. This ensures that what you are comparing is a string that contains the digit zero only, and prevents any type conversion.

Answer:

After some investigation, it turns out aidan from the PHP manual mentioned that any strings that do not start with a number will be converted to 0 when casted as an integer.

This means that:

("php" == 0) === true
("1php" == 0) === false

Very annoying and not well documented. It was at the bottom of the comments on the type comparison page.

Answer:

$test1 = "d85d1d81b25614a3504a3d5601a9cb2e";

this string starts with a “d”, which is not valid number, the var will resolve to 0 and your test#1 will pass.

$test2 = "3581169b064f71be1630b321d3ca318f";

this string starts with 3581169 which is a valid number, so the var will resolve to that value which is not equal to 0.
So your test#2 will not pass.

Answer:

I’ve been using some conversions and comparisons to test if a numeric string is a number:

$test1="19de6a91d2ca9d91721d82f1bd8102b6";
   echo (float)$test1==$test1; //TRUE
   echo is_float($test1); //FALSE

   //Converting the string to float and then converting it to string and compare will do the trick 
   echo (string)((float)$test1)==(string)$test1; //FALSE


$test2="5.66";
   echo (float)$test2==$test2; //TRUE

   //Testing the numeric string using `is_float` wont give the expected result
   echo is_float($test2); //FALSE

   echo (string)((float)$test2)==(string)$test2; //TRUE