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php – Convert flat array to the multi-dimensional

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have an array with tree data (by parent id). I want to convert it to multidimensional array. What is the best way to achieve that? Is there any short function for that?

Source array:

$source = array(
    '0' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 45
                    'name' => 'Home'
                    'parent_id' => 1
            )
    )
    '1' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 47
                    'name' => 'Get started'
                    'parent_id' => 1
            )
    )
    '2' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 72
                    'name' => 'Attributes'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
    )
    '3' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 73
                    'name' => 'Headings'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
    )
    '4' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 75
                    'name' => 'Links'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
    )
    '5' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 59
                    'name' => 'Images'
                    'parent_id' => 75
            )
    )
    '6' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 65
                    'name' => 'Lists'
                    'parent_id' => 75
            )
    )
);

Some parents are missing from the source array. I would like the items with missing parent to be root. Result array:

$result = array(
    '0' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 45
                    'name' => 'Home'
                    'parent_id' => 1
            )
            'Children' => array()
    )
    '1' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 47
                    'name' => 'Get started'
                    'parent_id' => 1
            )
            'Children' => array()
    )
    '2' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 72
                    'name' => 'Attributes'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
            'Children' => array()
    )
    '3' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 73
                    'name' => 'Headings'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
            'Children' => array()
    )
    '4' => array(
            'Menu' => array(
                    'id' => 75
                    'name' => 'Links'
                    'parent_id' => 71
            )
            'Children' => array(
                    '0' => array(
                        'Menu' => array(
                            'id' => 59
                            'name' => 'Images'
                            'parent_id' => 75
                        )
                        'Children' => array()
                    )
                    '1' => array(
                        'Menu' => array(
                            'id' => 65
                            'name' => 'Lists'
                            'parent_id' => 75
                        )
                        'Children' => array()
                   )
            )
     )
);

Update: removed square brackets.

How to&Answers:

I don’t think there is a built-in function in PHP that does this.

I tried the following code, and it seems to work to prepare the nested array the way you describe:

$nodes = array();
$tree = array();
foreach ($source as &$node) {
  $node["Children"] = array();
  $id = $node["Menu"]["id"];
  $parent_id = $node["Menu"]["parent_id"];
  $nodes[$id] =& $node;
  if (array_key_exists($parent_id, $nodes)) {
    $nodes[$parent_id]["Children"][] =& $node;
  } else {
    $tree[] =& $node;
  }
}

var_dump($tree);

I wrote a similar algorithm in a PHP class I wrote for my presentation Hierarchical Models in SQL and PHP, but I was using objects instead of plain arrays.

Answer:

I wrote this variant considering root parent_id is 0 or missing. No matter children after parents in DB ($source) or not.

$source_by_id = array();
foreach ($source as &$row){
  $source_by_id[$row['id']] = &$row;
}
foreach ($source_by_id as $id => &$row){
  $source_by_id[ intval($row['parent_id']) ]['children'][$id] = &$row;
}
// remove cycling itself
unset($source_by_id[0]['children'][0]);

$result = $source_by_id[0]['children'];

Result array keys are appropriate ids. Enjoy!

Answer:

I was looking for an example of how to do this, with categories. This example assumes that parents will always have a parent id of ‘0’. The example is using ZF2.

No references, or recursion. The trick is in the output, you look for the [0] index, and for the children, you specify the parent_id as the index.

$categoryLookup = $this->getCategoryLookup($associateById=true);

if ($assignedCategories) {          
    $categoryHeirarchy = array();
    foreach($assignedCategories as $assignedCategory) {
        $child = $categoryLookup[$assignedCategory->category_id];
        $parent = $categoryLookup[$child->parent_id];               
        $categoryHeirarchy[$child->parent_id][] = $categoryLookup[$child->category_id];
        $categoryHeirarchy[$parent->parent_id][$parent->category_id] = $categoryLookup[$parent->category_id];
    }           

    return $categoryHeirarchy;  
}


<h3>Categories</h3>
<dl class="dl-horizontal">
    <?php foreach($this->categoryHeirarchy[0] as $parent): ?>
        <dt><?php echo $this->escapeHtml($parent->name); ?></dt>
        <?php foreach($this->categoryHeirarchy[$parent->category_id] as $child): ?>
            <dd><?php echo $this->escapeHtml($child->name); ?></dd>
        <?php endforeach; ?>
    <?php endforeach; ?>                    
</dl>