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php – Convert IPV6 to nibble format for PTR records

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I need to convert a ipv6 address to its nibble format for use in creating ptr records dynamically. Here is the information I got from Wikipedia:

IPv6 reverse resolution

Reverse DNS lookups for IPv6 addresses
use the special domain ip6.arpa. An
IPv6 address appears as a name in this
domain as a sequence of nibbles in
reverse order, represented as
hexadecimal digits as subdomains. For
example, the pointer domain name
corresponding to the IPv6 address
2001:db8::567:89ab is
b.a.9.8.7.6.5.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa.

The only thing I could find regarding nibbles was in the pack function, http://www.php.net/pack. I could not find any solutions with examples from googling the issue.

Any help is greatly appreciated.

How to&Answers:

Given a suitably modern version of PHP (>= 5.1.0, or 5.3+ on Windows), use the inet_pton function to parse the IPv6 address into a 16 byte array, and then use standard string ops to reverse it.

$ip = '2001:db8::567:89ab';
$addr = inet_pton($ip);
$unpack = unpack('H*hex', $addr);
$hex = $unpack['hex'];
$arpa = implode('.', array_reverse(str_split($hex))) . '.ip6.arpa';

Answer:

You can use the ipv6calc command (UNIX/Linux) line tool from here.

For example:

$ ./ipv6calc --out revnibbles.arpa 2001:db8::1
No input type specified, try autodetection...found type: ipv6addr
1.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.8.b.d.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa.

You could embed this is a script to eat your forward zone files and create the PTRs.

Answer:

And this is the reverse, based on Alnitak’s great code, in the form of a function:

function ptr_to_ipv6($arpa) {
    $mainptr = substr($arpa, 0, strlen($arpa)-9);
    $pieces = array_reverse(explode(".",$mainptr));  
    $hex = implode("",$pieces);
    $ipbin = pack('H*', $hex);
    $ipv6addr = inet_ntop($ipbin);

    return $ipv6addr;
}

Answer:

I do this:

function expand($ip){
    $hex = unpack("H*hex", inet_pton($ip));
    $ip = substr(preg_replace("/([A-f0-9]{4})/", "$1:", $hex['hex']), 0, -1);
    return $ip;
}

function ipv6_reverse_calc($address){
  $rev = chop(chunk_split(strrev(str_replace(':', '', expand($address))), 1, '.'), '.');
  return "$rev.ip6.arpa";
}

Answer:

Well, from that example, you can see that the nibble format is the complete ipv6 address (including 0’d fields), reversed, then split into characters and separated with periods. So personally, i would just use the string representation and manipulate it as needed.