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PHP Default Function Parameter values, how to 'pass default value' for 'not last' parameters?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment


Most of us know the following syntax:

function funcName($param='value'){
    echo $param;

Result: "value"

We were wondering how to pass default values for the ‘not last’ paramater? I know this terminology is way off, but a simple example would be:

function funcName($param1='value1',$param2='value2'){
    echo $param1."\n";
    echo $param2."\n";

How do we accomplsh the following:

funcName(---default value of param1---,'non default');


not default

Hope this makes sense, we want to basically assume default values for the paramaters which are not last.


How to&Answers:

PHP doesn’t support what you’re trying to do. The usual solution to this problem is to pass an array of arguments:

function funcName($params = array())
    $defaults = array( // the defaults will be overidden if set in $params
        'value1' => '1',
        'value2' => '2',

    $params = array_merge($defaults, $params);

    echo $params['value1'] . ', ' . $params['value2'];

Example Usage:

funcName(array('value1' => 'one'));                    // outputs: one, 2
funcName(array('value2' => 'two'));                    // outputs: 1, two
funcName(array('value1' => '1st', 'value2' => '2nd')); // outputs: 1st, 2nd
funcName();                                            // outputs: 1, 2

Using this, all arguments are optional. By passing an array of arguments, anything that is in the array will override the defaults. This is possible through the use of array_merge() which merges two arrays, overriding the first array with any duplicate elements in the second array.


Unfortunately, this is not possible.
To get around this, I would suggest adding the following line to your function:

$param1 = (is_null ($param1) ? 'value1' : $param1);

You can then call it like this:

funcName (null, 'non default');


non default


The Simple solution of your problem is, instead of using:

funcName(---default value of param1---,'non default');

Use the following Syntax:

funcName('non default',---default value of param1---);


function setHeight2($maxheight,$minheight = 50) {
    echo "The MAX height is : $maxheight <br>";
    echo "The MIN height is : $minheight <br>";

setHeight2(350); // will use the default value of 50