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php – Eloquent Query Scope on Relationships

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have two models, App\Song (belongsTo App\Host) and App\Host (hasMany App\Song).

I have the following query in my Controller:

$songs = Song::whereHas('host', function($query) {
                $query->where('skip_threshold', '>', \DB::raw('songs.attempts'))
                      ->where('active', 1);
            })
->whereNull('downloaded')
->get();

For reusability I would like to turn into a query scope(s).

I’m quite new to Eloquent so I’m not sure this is the correct way to do this being that its two Models as its not returning any results (where there should be).

Song.php

public function scopeEligable($query)
{
    $query->where('skip_threshold', '>', \DB::raw('songs.attempts'));
}

public function scopeActiveHost($query)
{
    $query->where('active', 1);
}

public function scopeInDownloadQueue($query)
{
    $query->whereNull('downloaded');
}
How to&Answers:

You should put scopes into Models they belong to. Looking at your initial query scopes scopeEligable and scopeActiveHost belongs to Host model, so you should move them into Host model and then you’ll be able to use your query using scopes like this:

$songs = Song::whereHas('host', function($query) {
   $query->eligable()->activeHost();
})->inDownloadedQueue()->get();

and as already pointed in comment you should add return to each scope so they could be used as they intended.

EDIT

If you would like to make using it shorter, you could create new relationship in Song model:

public function activeHost() 
{
    return $this->belongsTo(Host:class)->eligable()->activeHost();
}

so now, you could write:

$songs = Song::whereHas('activeHost')->inDownloadedQueue()->get();

Answer:

I think you’re mistaken about 2 models. I think this should work

Song.php

public function scopeEligable($query, $active) {
   return $query->whereHas('host', function($q) {
       $q->where('skip_threshold', '>', \DB::raw('songs.attempts'))->where('active', $active);
   })
}

public function scopeInDownloadQueue($query)
{
   $query->whereNull('downloaded');
}

Usage

$songs = Song::eligable(true)->inDownloadQueue()->get();