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php glob – scan in subfolders for a file

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a server with a lot of files inside various folders, sub-folders, and sub-sub-folders.

I’m trying to make a search.php page that would be used to search the whole server for a specific file. If the file is found, then return the location path to display a download link.

Here’s what i have so far:

$root = $_SERVER['DOCUMENT_ROOT'];
$search = "test.zip";
$found_files = glob("$root/*/test.zip");
$downloadlink = str_replace("$root/", "", $found_files[0]);
if (!empty($downloadlink)) {
    echo "<a href=\"http://www.example.com/$downloadlink\">$search</a>";
} 

The script is working perfectly if the file is inside the root of my domain name… Now i’m trying to find a way to make it also scan sub-folders and sub-sub-folders but i’m stuck here.

How to&Answers:

There are 2 ways.

Use glob to do recursive search:

<?php

// Does not support flag GLOB_BRACE
function rglob($pattern, $flags = 0) {
    $files = glob($pattern, $flags); 
    foreach (glob(dirname($pattern).'/*', GLOB_ONLYDIR|GLOB_NOSORT) as $dir) {
        $files = array_merge($files, rglob($dir.'/'.basename($pattern), $flags));
    }
    return $files;
}

?>

Use RecursiveDirectoryIterator

<?php
function rsearch($folder, $pattern) {
    $dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($folder);
    $ite = new RecursiveIteratorIterator($dir);
    $files = new RegexIterator($ite, $pattern, RegexIterator::GET_MATCH);
    $fileList = array();
    foreach($files as $file) {
        $fileList = array_merge($fileList, $file);
    }
    return $fileList;
}
?>

RecursiveDirectoryIterator comes with PHP5 while glob is from PHP4. Both can do the job, it’s up to you.

Answer:

I want to provide another simple alternative for cases where you can predict a max depth. You can use a pattern with braces listing all possible subfolder depths.

This example allows 0-3 arbitrary subfolders:

glob("$root/{,*/,*/*/,*/*/*/}test_*.zip", GLOB_BRACE);

Of course the braced pattern could be procedurally generated.

Answer:

This returns fullpath to the file

function rsearch($folder, $pattern) {
    $iti = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($folder);
    foreach(new RecursiveIteratorIterator($iti) as $file){
         if(strpos($file , $pattern) !== false){
            return $file;
         }
    }
    return false;
}

call the function:

$filepath = rsearch('/home/directory/thisdir/', "/findthisfile.jpg");

And this is returns like:

/home/directory/thisdir/subdir/findthisfile.jpg

You can improve this function to find several files like all jpeg file:

function rsearch($folder, $pattern_array) {
    $return = array();
    $iti = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($folder);
    foreach(new RecursiveIteratorIterator($iti) as $file){
        if (in_array(strtolower(array_pop(explode('.', $file))), $pattern_array)){
            $return[] = $file;
        }
    }
    return $return;
}

This can call as:

$filepaths = rsearch('/home/directory/thisdir/', array('jpeg', 'jpg') );

Ref: https://stackoverflow.com/a/1860417/219112

Answer:

As a full solution for your problem (this was also my problem):

<?php
function rsearch($folder, $pattern) {
    $dir = new RecursiveDirectoryIterator($folder);
    $ite = new RecursiveIteratorIterator($dir);
    $files = new RegexIterator($ite, $pattern, RegexIterator::MATCH);


    foreach($files as $file) {
         yield $file->getPathName();
    }
}

Will get you the full path of the items that you wish to find.

Edit: Thanks to Rousseau Alexandre for pointing out , $pattern must be regular expression.