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php – How can I merge consecutive subArrays which have the same data in it?

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have this array:

$opening_hours = array(
  'Monday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Tuesday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Wednesday' => array('08:00', '13:00'), 
  'Thursday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Friday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Saturday' => array('10:00', '16:00'),
  'Sunday' => array('Closed'),
);

I need to somehow merge those opening hours to the array which should look like this:

$merged_opening_hours = array(
  'Monday - Tuesday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Wednesday' => array('08:00', '13:00'),
  'Thursday - Friday' => array('09:00', '17:00'),
  'Saturday' => array('10:00', '16:00');
  'Sunday' => array('Closed'),
);

Any ideas?

How to&Answers:

This should work for you:

So basically you just loop through your entire array and check if the next element is still set AND the current array is the same as the next one (Which means they have the same hours). If yes you do this until the while loop returns false. Which is this code:

$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours = 1;
while(isset($arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours)]) && 
     ($opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]] === $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours)]]))
    $DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours++;

Then if you have more than 1 entry you create a range from one to the other day. Which is this code:

if($DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours > 1)
    $result[$arrayKeys[$dayCount] . " - " . $arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours-1)]] = $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]];

If you only have 1 day with the same hours you just add it to the results array. Which is this code:

else
    $result[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]] = $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]];

And according to how many days the same hours have you skip the next array elements. Which is this code:

$dayCount += ($DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours - 1);

Full code:

<?php

    $opening_hours = [
            "Monday" => ["09:00", "17:00"],
            "Tuesday" => ["09:00", "17:00"],
            "Wednesday" => ["08:00", "13:00"], 
            "Thursday" => ["09:00", "17:00"],
            "Friday" => ["09:00", "17:00"],
            "Saturday" => ["10:00", "16:00"],
            "Sunday" => ["Closed"],
        ];


    $amountOfDays = count($opening_hours);
    $arrayKeys = array_keys($opening_hours);

    for($dayCount = 0; $dayCount < $amountOfDays; $dayCount++) {
        $DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours = 1;
        while(isset($arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours)]) && ($opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]] === $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours)]]))
            $DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours++;

        if($DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours > 1)
            $result[$arrayKeys[$dayCount] . " - " . $arrayKeys[($dayCount+$DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours-1)]] = $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]];
        else
            $result[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]] = $opening_hours[$arrayKeys[$dayCount]];

        $dayCount += ($DayAmountOfConsecutiveSameHours - 1);
    }

    print_r($result);

?>

output:

Array
(
    [Monday - Tuesday] => Array
        (
            [0] => 09:00
            [1] => 17:00
        )

    [Wednesday] => Array
        (
            [0] => 08:00
            [1] => 13:00
        )

    [Thursday - Friday] => Array
        (
            [0] => 09:00
            [1] => 17:00
        )

    [Saturday] => Array
        (
            [0] => 10:00
            [1] => 16:00
        )

    [Sunday] => Array
        (
            [0] => Closed
        )

)

Demo