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php – How do I use arrays in cURL POST requests

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am wondering how do I make this code support arrays? At the moment the images array only seems to send the first value.

Here is my code:

<?php
//extract data from the post
extract($_POST);

//set POST variables
$url = 'http://api.example.com/api';
$fields = array(
            'username' => "annonymous",
            'api_key' => urlencode("1234"),
            'images[]' => urlencode(base64_encode('image1')),
            'images[]' => urlencode(base64_encode('image2'))
        );

//url-ify the data for the POST
foreach($fields as $key=>$value) { $fields_string .= $key.'='.$value.'&'; }
rtrim($fields_string, '&');

//open connection
$ch = curl_init();

//set the url, number of POST vars, POST data
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POST, count($fields));
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields_string);

//execute post
$result = curl_exec($ch);
echo $result;

//close connection
curl_close($ch);
?>

and this is what is received at the api

VAR: username = annonymous
VAR: api_key = 1234
VAR: images = Array
array(3) { 
         ["username"]=> string(10) "annonymous" 
         ["api_key"]=> string(4) "1234" 
         ["images"]=> array(1) { // this should contain 2 strings :( what is happening?
                               [0]=> string(8) "aW1hZ2Uy" 
                               } 
         }

What is happening to the second value in images[]?

How to&Answers:

You are just creating your array incorrectly. You could use http_build_query:

$fields = array(
            'username' => "annonymous",
            'api_key' => urlencode("1234"),
            'images' => array(
                 urlencode(base64_encode('image1')),
                 urlencode(base64_encode('image2'))
            )
        );
$fields_string = http_build_query($fields);

So, the entire code that you could use would be:

<?php
//extract data from the post
extract($_POST);

//set POST variables
$url = 'http://api.example.com/api';
$fields = array(
            'username' => "annonymous",
            'api_key' => urlencode("1234"),
            'images' => array(
                 urlencode(base64_encode('image1')),
                 urlencode(base64_encode('image2'))
            )
        );

//url-ify the data for the POST
$fields_string = http_build_query($fields);

//open connection
$ch = curl_init();

//set the url, number of POST vars, POST data
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POST, 1);
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $fields_string);

//execute post
$result = curl_exec($ch);
echo $result;

//close connection
curl_close($ch);
?>

Answer:

    $ch = curl_init();

    $data = array(
        'client_id' => 'xx',
        'client_secret' => 'xx',
        'redirect_uri' => $x,
        'grant_type' => 'xxx',
        'code' => $xx,
    );

    $data = http_build_query($data);

    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "https://example.com");
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);

    $output = curl_exec($ch);