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php – How to generate a new GUID?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m working on a web service which requires a new GUID() passed as a reference to a method within the service.

I am not familiar with C# or the GUID() object, but require something similar for PHP (so create a new object which from my understanding returns an empty/blank GUID).

Any ideas?

How to&Answers:

You can try the following:

function GUID()
{
    if (function_exists('com_create_guid') === true)
    {
        return trim(com_create_guid(), '{}');
    }

    return sprintf('%04X%04X-%04X-%04X-%04X-%04X%04X%04X', mt_rand(0, 65535), mt_rand(0, 65535), mt_rand(0, 65535), mt_rand(16384, 20479), mt_rand(32768, 49151), mt_rand(0, 65535), mt_rand(0, 65535), mt_rand(0, 65535));
}

Source – com_create_guid

Answer:

As an alternative to the above options:

$guid = bin2hex(openssl_random_pseudo_bytes(16));

It gives a string like 412ab7489d8b332b17a2ae127058f4eb

Answer:

<?php
function guid(){
if (function_exists('com_create_guid') === true)
    return trim(com_create_guid(), '{}');

$data = openssl_random_pseudo_bytes(16);
$data[6] = chr(ord($data[6]) & 0x0f | 0x40);
$data[8] = chr(ord($data[8]) & 0x3f | 0x80);
return vsprintf('%s%s-%s-%s-%s-%s%s%s', str_split(bin2hex($data), 4));
}
?>

GUID Generator

Answer:

According to Is there any difference between a GUID and a UUID?

GUID is Microsoft’s implementation of the UUID standard.

So, here’s a link to libraries, that let’s you create UUIDs of the following types:

  • version 1 (time-based)
  • version 3 (name-based and hashed with MD5)
  • version 4 (random)
  • version 5 (name-based and hashed with SHA1)

https://github.com/search?p=1&q=uuid+php&ref=cmdform&type=Repositories

I don’t know exactly, which one C# is using, but that’s at least something you can use if you’re writing some piece of software and want to have universal unique identifiers.

My perfered choice was https://github.com/fredriklindberg/class.uuid.php because it is just a simple PHP file and the most rated one (https://github.com/ramsey/uuid) had to much dependencies on other libraries, but his may change soon (see https://github.com/ramsey/uuid/issues/20).

But if you really need a GUID (according to the Microsoft standard), they have a different generation process than these 4122. Wikipedia claims that

GUIDs and RFC 4122 UUIDs should be identical when displayed textually

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globally_Unique_Identifier#Binary_encoding

In most cases, you should be fine by going for one of the PHP libs for UUIDs. I don’t think you’re meddling with Microsoft Component Object Model (COM), don’t you?

Answer:

For googlers such as my self,
I found this snipet more accurate:

function getGUID(){
    if (function_exists('com_create_guid')){
        return com_create_guid();
    }else{
        mt_srand((double)microtime()*10000);//optional for php 4.2.0 and up.
        $charid = strtoupper(md5(uniqid(rand(), true)));
        $hyphen = chr(45);// "-"
        $uuid = chr(123)// "{"
            .substr($charid, 0, 8).$hyphen
            .substr($charid, 8, 4).$hyphen
            .substr($charid,12, 4).$hyphen
            .substr($charid,16, 4).$hyphen
            .substr($charid,20,12)
            .chr(125);// "}"
        return $uuid;
    }
}

source http://guid.us/GUID/PHP

Answer:

If you just need a very unique ID:

$uid = dechex( microtime(true) * 1000 ) . bin2hex( random_bytes(8) );

If ID’s are generated more than 1 millisecond apart, they are 100% unique.

If two ID’s are generated at shorter intervals, this would generate ID’s that are 99.999999999999999999% likely to be globally unique (collision in 1 of 10^18)

You can increase this number by adding more digits, but to generate 100% unique ID’s you will need to use a global counter.

if you really do need RFC compliance, this will pass as a valid version 4 GUID:

$guid = vsprintf('%s%s-%s-4000-8%.3s-%s%s%s0',str_split(dechex( microtime(true) * 1000 ) . bin2hex( random_bytes(8) ),4));

This follows the intention, but not the letter of the RFC. Among other discrepancies it’s a few random digits short. (Add more random digits if you need it) The upside is that this is fast, compared to 100% compliant code. You can test your GUID here