I know how to use preg_match and preg_match_all to find the actual matches of regex patterns in a given string, but the function that I am writing not only needs the text of the matches, but to be able to traverse the string AROUND the matches…
Therefore, I need to know the position of the match in the string, based on a regex pattern.
I can’t seem to find a function similar to strpos() that allows regex…any ideas?
You can use the flag
PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE for that:
preg_match('/bar/', 'Foobar', $matches, PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE); var_export($matches);
array ( 0 => array ( 0 => 'bar', 1 => 3, // <-- the string offset of the match ), )
In a previous version, this answer included a capture group in the regular expression (
preg_match('/(bar)/', ...)). As evident in the first few comments, this was confusing to some and has since been edited out by @Mikkel. Please ignore these comments.
preg_match has an optional flag,
PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE, that records the string position of the match’s occurence in the original ‘haystack’. See the ‘flags’ section: http://php.net/preg_match
With use of PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE on preg_match() you will get number of times on matches on pattern. When there is a match this will have the offset value which starts from 0.
Using this value you can call preg_match again using offset parameter.