Home » Php » PHP: How to use monolog to log to console (php://out)?

PHP: How to use monolog to log to console (php://out)?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I just switched to monolog and wanted to log my message to the PHP console instead of a file. This might seem obvious for some people, but it took me a little while to figure out how to do that and I couldn’t find a similar question/answer on SO.

The example on Monolog’s Github readme only shows how to use a file:

<?php

use Monolog\Logger;
use Monolog\Handler\StreamHandler;

// create a log channel
$log = new Logger('name');
$log->pushHandler(new StreamHandler('path/to/your.log', Logger::WARNING)); // <<< uses a file

// add records to the log
$log->addWarning('Foo');
$log->addError('Bar');

But it doesn’t state anywhere how messages can be logged to the console. After searching on Google, I landed either on a help page for Symfony or questions of people looking for a way to log to the browser console.

How to&Answers:

The solution is rather simple. Since the example shows a StreamHandler it’s possible to pass in a stream (instead of the path to a file). By default, everything that is echo’ed in PHP is written to php://stdout / php://output so we can simple use one of those as stream for the StreamHandler:

<?php

use Monolog\Logger;
use Monolog\Handler\StreamHandler;

// create a log channel
$log = new Logger('name');
$log->pushHandler(new StreamHandler('php://stdout', Logger::WARNING)); // <<< uses a stream

// add records to the log
$log->warning('Foo');
$log->error('Bar');

Hope this saves somebody some time 🙂

Answer:

Some extra details if you want to tweak the default message formatting at the same time:

use Monolog\Logger;
use Monolog\Formatter\LineFormatter;
use Monolog\Handler\StreamHandler;

$output = "[%datetime%] %channel%.%level_name%: %message%\n";
$formatter = new LineFormatter($output);

$streamHandler = new StreamHandler('php://stdout', Logger::DEBUG);
$streamHandler->setFormatter($formatter);

$logger = new Logger('LoggerName');
$logger->pushHandler($streamHandler);