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php – Is the leading colon for parameter names passed to PDOStatement::bindParam() optional?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

When passing named parameters of the form :name to PDOStatement::bindParam(), it seems to work whether or not the leading colon is used.

i.e. either this:

$statement->bindParam(':name', $var);

or this:

$statement->bindParam('name', $var);

seems to work.

Here’s the documentation for PDOStatement::bindParam()

parameter

Parameter identifier. For a prepared statement using named
placeholders, this will be a parameter name of the form :name. For a
prepared statement using question mark placeholders, this will be the
1-indexed position of the parameter.

Does this mean the colon can be left off?

How to&Answers:

No, since the documentation doesn’t mention this I think it’s safe to assume that this behaviour isn’t officially supported and shouldn’t be relied upon.

However, it does actually happen to work (in PHP 5.3.24 at least) – internally a colon will be added to the parameter if it’s missing (see ext/pdo/pdo_stmt.c:363 in the PHP 5.3.24 source code).