Home » Php » PHP – make session expire after X minutes

PHP – make session expire after X minutes

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

i am using the following technique…

From the login.php the form posts to the page check.php where i do this

<?php    
$uzer = $_POST['user_name'];
$pass = $_POST['user_pass'];

require ('DB_connection.php');

$result = mysql_query("SELECT * FROM accounts WHERE user_Name='$uzer' AND user_Pass='$pass'");

if( mysql_num_rows( $result ) > 0)
{
    $array = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);    

    session_start();
    $_SESSION['user_id'] = $uzer;
    header("Location:loggedin.php");            
}
else
{
    header("Location:login.php");
}
?>

and on loggedin.php page the first thing i do is

<?php
session_start();
if( !isset( $_SESSION['user_id'] ) )
{
    header("Location:login.php");
}
else
{
    echo ( "this session is ". $_SESSION['user_id'] );
    //show rest of the page and all
}
?>

but once logged in when i directly type the url localhost\myProject\loggedin.php it displays the page…which makes perfect sense because the session has started

what i want to implement is

  • The direct URL \ session works for 10 minutes after that the session is terminated\expired\timed out and then use must login again and may get the same session id but after 10 minutes use won’t be able to browse with the same session

WHAT DO I NEED TO DO OR LEARN

How to&Answers:

Store a timestamp in the session:

<?php    
$uzer = $_POST['user_name'];
$pass = $_POST['user_pass'];

require ('DB_connection.php');

// Hey, always escape input if necessary!
$result = mysql_query(sprintf("SELECT * FROM accounts WHERE user_Name='%s' AND user_Pass='%s'", mysql_real_escape_string($uzer), mysql_real_escape_string($pass));

if( mysql_num_rows( $result ) > 0)
{
    $array = mysql_fetch_assoc($result);    

    session_start();
    $_SESSION['user_id'] = $uzer;
    $_SESSION['login_time'] = time();
    header("Location:loggedin.php");            
}
else
{
    header("Location:login.php");
}
?>

Check if the timestamp is within the allowed time window (600 seconds is 10 minutes):

<?php
session_start();
if( !isset( $_SESSION['user_id'] ) || time() - $_SESSION['login_time'] > 600)
{
    header("Location:login.php");
}
else
{
    // uncomment the next line to refresh the session, so it will expire after ten minutes of inactivity, and not 10 minutes after login
    //$_SESSION['login_time'] = time();
    echo ( "this session is ". $_SESSION['user_id'] );
    //show rest of the page and all
}
?>

Answer:

I would look at session_set_cookie_params and ini_set("session.gc_maxlifetime", "18000");