Home » Php » PHP & mySQL: Simple code to implement Transaction – Commit & Rollback

PHP & mySQL: Simple code to implement Transaction – Commit & Rollback

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

MY PLATFORM:

PHP & mySQL

MY SITUATION:

I am trying to implement transactions within my code. I tried to follow examples, but it’s not much help. I am running 3 queries and I wanted to write a transaction in such a way so that if any of the query(ies) fail, the whole transaction should roll back. I would really appreciate a simple, efficient and non-object oriented PHP code to achieve this goal. Thank you in advance.

MY PHP CODE:

//db_res calls a custom function that performs a mysql_query on the query
$res1 = db_res("SELECT c1, c2 FROM t1 WHERE c5 = 3");
$res2 = db_res("UPDATE t2 SET c1 = 5 WHERE c2 = 10");
$res3 = db_res("DELETE FROM t3 WHERE c1 = 20");

if( $res1 && $res2 && $res3 )
{
 //commit --- but how?
}
else
{
 //rollback --- but how?
}
How to&Answers:

You need to use the mysqli extension to use this functionality.

See: autocommit(), commit(), and rollback()

<?php
$link = mysqli_connect("localhost", "my_user", "my_password", "world");

/* check connection */
if (mysqli_connect_errno()) {
    printf("Connect failed: %s\n", mysqli_connect_error());
    exit();
}

/* disable autocommit */
mysqli_autocommit($link, FALSE);

mysqli_query($link, "CREATE TABLE myCity LIKE City");
mysqli_query($link, "ALTER TABLE myCity Type=InnoDB");
mysqli_query($link, "INSERT INTO myCity SELECT * FROM City LIMIT 50");

/* commit insert */
mysqli_commit($link);

/* delete all rows */
mysqli_query($link, "DELETE FROM myCity");

if ($result = mysqli_query($link, "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM myCity")) {
    $row = mysqli_fetch_row($result);
    printf("%d rows in table myCity.\n", $row[0]);
    /* Free result */
    mysqli_free_result($result);
}

/* Rollback */
mysqli_rollback($link);

if ($result = mysqli_query($link, "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM myCity")) {
    $row = mysqli_fetch_row($result);
    printf("%d rows in table myCity (after rollback).\n", $row[0]);
    /* Free result */
    mysqli_free_result($result);
}

/* Drop table myCity */
mysqli_query($link, "DROP TABLE myCity");

mysqli_close($link);
?>

Answer:

You don’t need to use mysqli. You can just issue the transaction commands as queries.

So for your example:

mysql_query("start transaction;");

//db_res calls a custom function that performs a mysql_query on the query
$res1 = db_res("SELECT c1, c2 FROM t1 WHERE c5 = 3");
$res2 = db_res("UPDATE t2 SET c1 = 5 WHERE c2 = 10");
$res3 = db_res("DELETE FROM t3 WHERE c1 = 20");

if( $res1 && $res2 && $res3 )
{
  mysql_query("commit;");
}
else
{
  mysql_query("rollback;");
}

By they way if you are thinking about upgrading to mysqli, please don’t. Upgrade to PDO instead, it’s much more sane.