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php – Recaptcha not working on https

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

i have a site in codeigniter,and that site working perfectly on http.

My client moved the site to https.

Then now when user registration is not working ,because there have a recaptcha used in it.

Now it displays Could not open socket error.

this is the recaptcha calling in my controller:

$privatekey = "my-key";
        $resp = recaptcha_check_answer ($privatekey,
        $_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"],
        $_POST["recaptcha_challenge_field"],
        $_POST["recaptcha_response_field"]);

        if (!$resp->is_valid) {
        // What happens when the CAPTCHA was entered incorrectly
            die ("The reCAPTCHA wasn't entered correctly");
        }else{

            $data=$this->authmodel->addAccount();
            $this->session->set_flashdata('abc', 'User added successfully'); 
            echo "1";
        }

And this is the recaptchalib.php code:

<?php
/*
* This is a PHP library that handles calling reCAPTCHA.
*    - Documentation and latest version
*          http://recaptcha.net/plugins/php/
*    - Get a reCAPTCHA API Key
*          https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create
*    - Discussion group
*          http://groups.google.com/group/recaptcha
*
* Copyright (c) 2007 reCAPTCHA -- http://recaptcha.net
* AUTHORS:
*   Mike Crawford
*   Ben Maurer
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
* AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* The reCAPTCHA server URL's
*/
define("RECAPTCHA_API_SERVER", "http://www.google.com/recaptcha/api");
define("RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER", "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api");
define("RECAPTCHA_VERIFY_SERVER", "www.google.com");
/**
* Encodes the given data into a query string format
* @param $data - array of string elements to be encoded
* @return string - encoded request
*/
function _recaptcha_qsencode ($data) {
$req = "";
foreach ( $data as $key => $value )
$req .= $key . '=' . urlencode( stripslashes($value) ) . '&';
// Cut the last '&'
$req=substr($req,0,strlen($req)-1);
return $req;
}
/**
* Submits an HTTP POST to a reCAPTCHA server
* @param string $host
* @param string $path
* @param array $data
* @param int port
* @return array response
*/
function _recaptcha_http_post($host, $path, $data, $port = 80) {
$req = _recaptcha_qsencode ($data);
$http_request  = "POST $path HTTP/1.0\r\n";
$http_request .= "Host: $host\r\n";
$http_request .= "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded;\r\n";
$http_request .= "Content-Length: " . strlen($req) . "\r\n";
$http_request .= "User-Agent: reCAPTCHA/PHP\r\n";
$http_request .= "\r\n";
$http_request .= $req;
$response = '';
if( false == ( $fs = @fsockopen($host, $port, $errno, $errstr, 10) ) ) {
die ('Could not open socket');
}
fwrite($fs, $http_request);
while ( !feof($fs) )
$response .= fgets($fs, 1160); // One TCP-IP packet
fclose($fs);
$response = explode("\r\n\r\n", $response, 2);
return $response;
}
/**
* Gets the challenge HTML (javascript and non-javascript version).
* This is called from the browser, and the resulting reCAPTCHA HTML widget
* is embedded within the HTML form it was called from.
* @param string $pubkey A public key for reCAPTCHA
* @param string $error The error given by reCAPTCHA (optional, default is null)
* @param boolean $use_ssl Should the request be made over ssl? (optional, default is false)
* @return string - The HTML to be embedded in the user's form.
*/
function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = false)
{
if ($pubkey == null || $pubkey == '') {
die ("To use reCAPTCHA you must get an API key from <a href='https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create'>https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create</a>");
}
if ($use_ssl) {
$server = RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER;
} else {
$server = RECAPTCHA_API_SERVER;
}
$errorpart = "";
if ($error) {
$errorpart = "&amp;error=" . $error;
}
return '<script type="text/javascript" src="'. $server . '/challenge?k=' . $pubkey . $errorpart . '"></script>
<noscript>
<iframe src="'. $server . '/noscript?k=' . $pubkey . $errorpart . '" height="300" width="500" frameborder="0"></iframe><br/>
<textarea name="recaptcha_challenge_field" rows="3" cols="40"></textarea>
<input type="hidden" name="recaptcha_response_field" value="manual_challenge"/>
</noscript>';
}
/**
* A ReCaptchaResponse is returned from recaptcha_check_answer()
*/
class ReCaptchaResponse {
var $is_valid;
var $error;
}
/**
* Calls an HTTP POST function to verify if the user's guess was correct
* @param string $privkey
* @param string $remoteip
* @param string $challenge
* @param string $response
* @param array $extra_params an array of extra variables to post to the server
* @return ReCaptchaResponse
*/
function recaptcha_check_answer ($privkey, $remoteip, $challenge, $response, $extra_params = array())
{
if ($privkey == null || $privkey == '') {
die ("To use reCAPTCHA you must get an API key from <a href='https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create'>https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create</a>");
}
if ($remoteip == null || $remoteip == '') {
die ("For security reasons, you must pass the remote ip to reCAPTCHA");
}
//discard spam submissions
if ($challenge == null || strlen($challenge) == 0 || $response == null || strlen($response) == 0) {
$recaptcha_response = new ReCaptchaResponse();
$recaptcha_response->is_valid = false;
$recaptcha_response->error = 'incorrect-captcha-sol';
return $recaptcha_response;
}
$response = _recaptcha_http_post (RECAPTCHA_VERIFY_SERVER, "/recaptcha/api/verify",
array (
'privatekey' => $privkey,
'remoteip' => $remoteip,
'challenge' => $challenge,
'response' => $response
) + $extra_params
);
$answers = explode ("\n", $response [1]);
$recaptcha_response = new ReCaptchaResponse();
if (trim ($answers [0]) == 'true') {
$recaptcha_response->is_valid = true;
}
else {
$recaptcha_response->is_valid = false;
$recaptcha_response->error = $answers [1];
}
return $recaptcha_response;
}
/**
* gets a URL where the user can sign up for reCAPTCHA. If your application
* has a configuration page where you enter a key, you should provide a link
* using this function.
* @param string $domain The domain where the page is hosted
* @param string $appname The name of your application
*/
function recaptcha_get_signup_url ($domain = null, $appname = null) {
return "https://www.google.com/recaptcha/admin/create?" .  _recaptcha_qsencode (array ('domains' => $domain, 'app' => $appname));
}
function _recaptcha_aes_pad($val) {
$block_size = 16;
$numpad = $block_size - (strlen ($val) % $block_size);
return str_pad($val, strlen ($val) + $numpad, chr($numpad));
}
/* Mailhide related code */
function _recaptcha_aes_encrypt($val,$ky) {
if (! function_exists ("mcrypt_encrypt")) {
die ("To use reCAPTCHA Mailhide, you need to have the mcrypt php module installed.");
}
$mode=MCRYPT_MODE_CBC;   
$enc=MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_128;
$val=_recaptcha_aes_pad($val);
return mcrypt_encrypt($enc, $ky, $val, $mode, "\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0");
}
function _recaptcha_mailhide_urlbase64 ($x) {
return strtr(base64_encode ($x), '+/', '-_');
}
/* gets the reCAPTCHA Mailhide url for a given email, public key and private key */
function recaptcha_mailhide_url($pubkey, $privkey, $email) {
if ($pubkey == '' || $pubkey == null || $privkey == "" || $privkey == null) {
die ("To use reCAPTCHA Mailhide, you have to sign up for a public and private key, " .
"you can do so at <a href='http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey'>http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey</a>");
}
$ky = pack('H*', $privkey);
$cryptmail = _recaptcha_aes_encrypt ($email, $ky);
return "http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/d?k=" . $pubkey . "&c=" . _recaptcha_mailhide_urlbase64 ($cryptmail);
}
/**
* gets the parts of the email to expose to the user.
* eg, given [email protected],com return ["john", "example.com"].
* the email is then displayed as [email protected]
*/
function _recaptcha_mailhide_email_parts ($email) {
$arr = preg_split("/@/", $email );
if (strlen ($arr[0]) <= 4) {
$arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 1);
} else if (strlen ($arr[0]) <= 6) {
$arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 3);
} else {
$arr[0] = substr ($arr[0], 0, 4);
}
return $arr;
}
/**
* Gets html to display an email address given a public an private key.
* to get a key, go to:
*
* http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/apikey
*/
function recaptcha_mailhide_html($pubkey, $privkey, $email) {
$emailparts = _recaptcha_mailhide_email_parts ($email);
$url = recaptcha_mailhide_url ($pubkey, $privkey, $email);
return htmlentities($emailparts[0]) . "<a href='" . htmlentities ($url) .
"' onclick=\"window.open('" . htmlentities ($url) . "', '', 'toolbar=0,scrollbars=0,location=0,statusbar=0,menubar=0,resizable=0,width=500,height=300'); return false;\" title=\"Reveal this e-mail address\">...</a>@" . htmlentities ($emailparts [1]);
}
?>

So how can i solve this issue?

How to&Answers:

I got the same error an tried a couple of suggestions, but nothing realy worked.

So I logged my network traffic and analyzed it. What it shows is that mid connection the servers changed from ipv4 to ipv6 and I remembered reading somewhere that recaptcha has a problem working on ipv6.

So I changed @fsockopen($host, [...] to @fsockopen(gethostbyname($host), [...] and recaptcha worked again.

Answer:

For SSL (https) use:

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,true); 

rather than:

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey); 

This is because recaptcha_get_html() in recaptchalib.php (which gets the distorted text image) defaults to http unless you tell it otherwise.

Answer:

You need to tell the function “recaptcha_get_html()” that you want to use https. Replace recaptcha_get_html($publickey) with

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,null,1); 

Answer:

edit recaptchalib.php like this:

find this line – function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = false)

change it to – function recaptcha_get_html ($pubkey, $error = null, $use_ssl = true)

argument $use_ssl is changed from false to true… rest will be taken care of by the script..

Answer:

I got the same error an tried all suggestions but nothing work for me.

then i did analyzed the issue and then i got SSL certificate issue

this certificate is only valid for the following names: www.google.com
(Error code: ssl_error_bad_cert_domain)

so i changed

echo recaptcha_get_html($publickey,,true); @fsockopen($host, [...] to @fsockopen(gethostbyname($host), [...] 

along with

define(“RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER”,
https://api-secure.recaptcha.net“);

to

define(“RECAPTCHA_API_SECURE_SERVER”,
https://www.google.com/recaptcha/api“);

in recaptchalib.php and recaptcha worked again.

Answer:

You need to change all http:// urls to https:// in “recaptchalib.php” file, after that this will work.

Answer:

Delete “http:” from script source url.

Change it:

from:

<script type="text/javascript" src="http://www.google.com/recaptcha/api.js?render=*YourPublicKey*"></script> 

to:

<script type="text/javascript" src="//www.google.com/recaptcha/api.js?render=*YourPublicKey*"></script>