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PHP : Remove object from array

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

What is an elegant way to remove an object from an array of objects in PHP ?

Just to be clear ..

class Data{

  private $arrObservers;

  public add(Observer $o) {  
    array_push($this->arrObservers, $o);  
  }    
  public remove(Observer $o) {  
    // I NEED THIS CODE to remove $o from $this->arrObservers
  }  

}
How to&Answers:

You can do

function unsetValue(array $array, $value, $strict = TRUE)
{
    if(($key = array_search($value, $array, $strict)) !== FALSE) {
        unset($array[$key]);
    }
    return $array;
}

You can also use spl_object_hash to create a hash for the objects and use that as array key.

However, PHP also has a native Data Structure for Object collections with SplObjectStorage:

$a = new StdClass; $a->id = 1;
$b = new StdClass; $b->id = 2;
$c = new StdClass; $c->id = 3;

$storage = new SplObjectStorage;
$storage->attach($a);
$storage->attach($b);
$storage->attach($c);
echo $storage->count(); // 3

// trying to attach same object again
$storage->attach($c);
echo $storage->count(); // still 3

var_dump( $storage->contains($b) ); // TRUE
$storage->detach($b);
var_dump( $storage->contains($b) ); // FALSE

SplObjectStorage is Traversable, so you can foreach over it as well.

On a sidenote, PHP also has native interfaces for Subject and Observer.

Answer:

I agree with the answers above, but for the sake of completeness (where you may not have unique IDs to use as a key) my preferred methods of removing values from an array are as follows:

/**
 * Remove each instance of a value within an array
 * @param array $array
 * @param mixed $value
 * @return array
 */
function array_remove(&$array, $value)
{
    return array_filter($array, function($a) use($value) {
        return $a !== $value;
    });
}

/**
 * Remove each instance of an object within an array (matched on a given property, $prop)
 * @param array $array
 * @param mixed $value
 * @param string $prop
 * @return array
 */
function array_remove_object(&$array, $value, $prop)
{
    return array_filter($array, function($a) use($value, $prop) {
        return $a->$prop !== $value;
    });
}

Which are used in the following way:

$values = array(
    1, 2, 5, 3, 5, 6, 7, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 6, 8, 8,
);
print_r(array_remove($values, 6));

class Obj {
    public $id;
    public function __construct($id) {
        $this->id = $id;
    }
}
$objects = array(
    new Obj(1), new Obj(2), new Obj(4), new Obj(3), new Obj(6), new Obj(4), new Obj(3), new Obj(1), new Obj(5),
);
print_r(array_remove_object($objects, 1, 'id'));

Hope that helps.

Answer:

I recommend using the ID (if you have one, anything that will be unique to that object should work within reason) of the object as the array key. This way you can address the object within the array without having to run through a loop or store the ID in another location. The code would look something like this:

$obj_array[$obj1->getId()] = $obj1;
$obj_array[$obj2->getId()] = $obj2;
$obj_array[$obj3->getId()] = $obj3;

unset($obj_array[$object_id]);

UPDATE:

class Data{

  private $arrObservers;

  public add(Observer $o) {  
    $this->arrObservers[$o->getId()] = $o;  
  }    
  public remove(Observer $o) {  
    unset($this->arrObservers[$o->getId()]);
  }  

}

Answer:

unset($myArray[$index]); where $index is the index of the element you want to remove. If you wan’t a more specific answer, show some code or describe what you’re trying to do.

Answer:

$obj_array['obj1'] = $obj1;
$obj_array['obj2'] = $obj2;
$obj_array['obj3'] = $obj3;
unset($obj_array['obj3']);

Answer:

Use this for your internal object storage instead: http://us2.php.net/manual/en/class.splobjectstorage.php

Answer:

 function obj_array_clean ($array, $objId)
 {
    $new = array() ;
    foreach($array as $value)
    {
        $new[$value->{$objId}] = $value;
    }
    $array = array_values($new);
    return $array;
 }

 $ext2 = obj_array_clean($ext, 'OnjId');
  • It will remove the duplicate object “OnjId” from array objects $array.

Answer:

For remove an object from a multi dimensional array you can use this:

$exampleArray= [
    [
      "myKey"=>"This is my key",
      "myValue"=>"10"
    ],
    [
      "myKey"=>"Oh!",
      "myValue"=>"11"
    ]
];

With array_column you can specify your key column name:

if(($key = array_search("Oh!", array_column($exampleArray, 'myKey'))) !== false) {
    unset($exampleArray[$key]);
}

And this will remove the indicated object.

Answer:

If you want to remove one or more objects from array of objects (using spl_object_hash to determine if objects are the same) you can use this method:

$this->arrObservers = Arr::diffObjects($this->arrObservers, [$o]);

from this library.

Answer:

Try this, will solve your problem.

class Data{
  private $arrObservers;

  public add(Observer $o) {  
    array_push($this->arrObservers,$o);  
  }    

  public remove($Observer $o) {  
    unset($this->arrObservers[$o]);  
  }  
}

Answer:

I believe this is the best way

$index = array_search($o, $this->arrObservers, true);

unset($this->arrObservers[$index]);