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php – Simple problem with mod_rewrite in the Fat Free Framework

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to setup and learn the Fat Free Framework for PHP.
http://fatfree.sourceforge.net/

It’s is fairly simple to setup and I am running it on my machine using MAMP.

I was able to get the ‘hello world’ example running just fin:

require_once 'path/to/F3.php';
F3::route('GET /','home');
    function home() {
        echo 'Hello, world!';
    }
F3::run();

But when I try to add in the second part, which has two routes:

require_once ‘F3/F3.php’;

F3::route('GET /','home');
function home() {
    echo 'Hello, world!';
}

F3::route('GET /about','about');
function about()
{
    echo 'About Us.';
}

F3::run();

I get a 404 error if I try the second URL: /about

Not sure why one of the mod_rewrite commands would be working and not the other.

Below is my .htaccess file:

# Enable rewrite engine and route requests to framework
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-l
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule .* index.php [L,QSA]

# Disable ETags
Header Unset ETag
FileETag none

# Default expires header if none specified (stay in browser cache for 7 days)
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresDefault A604800
</IfModule>
How to&Answers:

So my friend actually helped me out with this issue. I ran into the exact same problem, but basically I’m using MAMP also and have all my Fat Free files within a fatfree dir within htdocs of MAMP.

The solution is you need to mod the RewriteBase to point to /[dirname]/ instead of just / and then change RewriteRule to /[dirname]/index.php.

My .htaccess looks like this:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /fatfree/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-l
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule .* /fatfree/index.php [L,QSA]

After that’s set, you can follow the example in the Fat Free doc exactly and it’ll work like a charm. This stumped me for a while and this was all it needed. Also, if you’re using MAMP, edit the httpd.conf file in /Applications/MAMP/conf/apache and be sure to alter the following:

<Directory />
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
</Directory>

to

<Directory />
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
</Directory>

Basically change None to All.

Answer:

If you’re running F3 under a subfolder, you must change the RewriteBase in .htaccess to match the folder.

Answer:

In your .htaccess you have ‘index.php’ it needs a slash … ‘/index.php’

# Enable rewrite engine and route requests to framework
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-l          
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f          
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d          
RewriteRule .* /index.php [L,QSA]    

otherwise when it tries to rewrite /about/ it will look for /about/index.php instead of just the root /index.php


I just had another thought.. it ‘is’ possible that althought mod_rewrite is intalled there may be a quirk with the server causing it not to rewrite..

If the global route below doesnt work you might want to test the rewrite

RewriteRule ^/google http://www.google.com [L,NC];

You could also try a global route for the directory

F3::route('GET /about/*','about');

but that means anythin under domain.com/about/ …… anything … will reroute to the about function…


A note about mod_rewrite and FF

As you said, FF is givikng you a 404 because it is expecting ‘/’ instead of ‘/index.php’… However, it is the index.php which is expecting the difference..

To demonstrate that, i believe you can duplicate your

F3::route('GET /','home');

as

F3::route('GET /index.php','home');

and the page should display…

The reason for this is if you just go to the / directory (or /index.php) eitehr way apache servesx the index.php page….

The mod_rewrite allows you to redirect the /about and have it redirect to the index.php.. So if your rewrite rule is not working then the redirect/rewrite does not happen and you will get a 404…

As i mentioned above, test the mod_rewrite with the google rule.. then try to go to http://localhost:80/google
if it does not redirect you to google then your rewrite engine is not working… (probably an issue with the windows configuration..)


to enable mod_rewrite under windows:
Open your http.conf
Find this line:

#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

remove the comment mark (#) from the line… so you have:
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
Save the file and restart apache..

Alternatly.. I think you can just say:

LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

at the start of your htaccess file…

Answer:

I banged my head on this for 2 days. I debugged htaccess and php both. The actual problem is this :

If you copied the .htaccess file from their fatfree-1.4.4 zip download, its not .htaccess its htaccess (. is missing) Just rename this file to .htaccess from htaccess and everything will work perfectly as its mentioned in the document !!!

I am using this .htaccess works for non-root folders too

Options -Indexes 
IndexIgnore *    

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond $1 !^(index\.php|images|main\.css|form\.css|favicon\.ico|robots\.txt|sitemap\.xml)
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php/$1 [L,QSA]

Answer:

Note: If you want to call your .htaccess file something else, you can change the name of the file using the AccessFileName directive. For example, if you would rather call the file .config then you can put the following in your server configuration file:

AccessFileName .config  

here

Answer:

This response may be too late for you but I had the same problem yesterday.

It sounds like the problem is apache is not rewriting urls. I had the same issue when trying to get F3 running on OSX 10.7 – the ‘GET /‘ route would work but not the ‘GET /foo‘ as the F3 index.php was in a subdir for localhost/F3. My solution was to:

  1. ensure the .htaccess was set as you have.
  2. ensure mod_rewrite.so was enabled in apache’s httpd.conf
  3. ensure that you set AllowOverride All (mine was None) for your web directory in httpd.conf (further down the file).
  4. restart apache

Without step 3, apache will ignore any rewrite directives. I discovered this by changing the permalinks on a local wordpress install and they failed indicating the problem was the apache config, not F3.

Answer:

I’m running this with a MAMP stack.
I renamed their folder from “fatfree-master” to “f3”.
I put that folder next to htdocs.
Their .htaccess file (now inside MAMP/f3/lib) remains untouched.

My .htaccess (in my web subfolder) is stock standard as per their example:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-l
RewriteRule .* index.php [L,QSA]

Hope this helps someone.