I have written a module (a file
my_mod.py file residing in the folder
Currently, I am working in the file
cool_script.py that resides in the folder
cur_proj. I have opened the folder in PyCharm using File — open (and I assume, hence, it is a PyCharm project).
In ProjectView (CMD-7), I can see my project
cur_proj (in red) and under “External Libraries” I do see
my_module. In cool_script.py, I can write
from my_module import my_mod as mm
and PyCharm even makes suggestion for my_mod. So far so good.
However, when I try to run cool_script.py, PyCharm tells me
“No module named my_module”
This seems strange to me, because
A) in the terminal (OS 10.10.2), in python, I can import the module no problem — there is a corresponding entry in the PYTHONPATH in .bashrc
B) in PyCharm — Settings — Project cur_proj — Project Interpreter — CogWheel next to python interpreter — more — show paths for selected interpreter icon, the paths from PYTHONPATH do appear (as I think they should)
Hence, why do I get the error when I try to run cool_script.py? — What am I missing?
- I am not declaring a different / special python version at the top of cool_script.py
- I made sure that the path to
- I put
__init__.pyfiles (empty files) both in
- I am not using
When I go in PyCharm to Run — Edit Configurations, for my current project, there are two options that are selected with a check mark: “Add content roots to PYTHONPATH” and “Add source roots to PYTHONPATH“. When I have both unchecked, I can load my module.
So it works now — but why?
Further questions emerged:
- What are “content roots” and what are “source roots”? And why does adding something to the PYTHONPATH make it somehow break?
- should I uncheck both of those options all the time (so also in the defaults, not only the project specific configurations (left panel of the Run/Debug Configurations dialog)?
If your own module is in the same path, you need mark the path as
Sources Root. In the project explorer, right-click on the directory that you want import. Then select
Mark Directory As and select
I hope this helps.
my_module is a folder not a module and you can’t import a folder, try moving
my_mod.py to the same folder as the
cool_script.py and then do
import my_mod as mm. This is because python only looks in the current directory and
sys.path, and so wont find
my_mod.py unless it’s in the same directory
Or you can look here for an answer telling you how to import from other directories.
As to your other questions, I do not know as I do not use PyCharm.
I was getting the error with “Add source roots to PYTHONPATH” as well. My problem was that I had two folders with the same name, like project/subproject1/thing/src and project/subproject2/thing/src and I had both of them marked as source root. When I renamed one of the “thing” folders to “thing1” (any unique name), it worked.
Maybe if PyCharm automatically adds selected source roots, it doesn’t use the full path and hence mixes up folders with the same name.
The key confusing step that must be done is to recreate the run configuration for the source file that you’re trying to execute, so that the IDE picks up the new paths.
The way that actually worked for me was to go to Run/Edit Configurations…, select the configuration for the file that you’re trying to run on the left side, uncheck the “Add source roots to PYTHONPATH” box, save, and then go back and check the box and save. THEN it would work.
What I tried is to source the location where my files are.
E:\git_projects\My_project\__init__.py is my location.
I went to File -> Setting -> Project:My_project -> Project Structure and added the content root to about mention place
it worked for me.
Content roots are folders holding your project code while source roots are defined as same too. The only difference i came to understand was that the code in source roots is built before the code in the content root.
Unchecking them wouldn’t affect the runtime till the point you’re not making separate modules in your package which are manually connected to Django. That means if any of your files do not hold the ‘from django import…’ or any of the function isn’t called via django, unchecking these 2 options will result in a malfunction.
Update – the problem only arises when using Virtual Environmanet, and only when controlling the project via the provided terminal. Cause the terminal still works via the default system pyhtonpath and not the virtual env. while the python django control panel works fine.
This can be caused when Python interpreter can’t find your code. You have to mention explicitly to Python to find your code in this location.
To do so:
- Go to your python console
sys.path.extend(['your module location'])to Python console.
In your case:
- Go to your python console,
On the start, write the following code:
import sys sys.path.extend([my module URI location])
Once you have written this statement you can run following command:
from mymodule import functions