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Python – Create list with numbers between 2 values?

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How would I create a list with values between 2 values I put in?
For example, following list is generated for values between 11 and 16:

list = [11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]
Answers:

Use range. In Python 2.x it returns a list so all you need is,

>>> range(11, 17)
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]

In Python 3.x it’s a iterator so you need to convert it to a list,

>>> list(range(11, 17))
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]

Note: Second number is exclusive so here it needs to be 16+1 = 17

EDIT:

To response to the question about incrementing by 0.5 the easiest option would probably be to use numpy‘s arange,

>>> numpy.arange(11, 17, 0.5)
array([ 11. ,  11.5,  12. ,  12.5,  13. ,  13.5,  14. ,  14.5,  15. ,
        15.5,  16. ,  16.5])

Questions:
Answers:

You seem to be looking for range():

>>> x1=11
>>> x2=16
>>> range(x1, x2+1)
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]
>>> list1 = range(x1, x2+1)
>>> list1
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]

For incrementing by 0.5 instead of 1, say:

>>> list2 = [x*0.5 for x in range(2*x1, 2*x2+1)]
>>> list2
[11.0, 11.5, 12.0, 12.5, 13.0, 13.5, 14.0, 14.5, 15.0, 15.5, 16.0]

Questions:
Answers:

Try:

range(x1,x2+1)  

That is a list in Python 2.x and behaves mostly like a list in Python 3.x. If you are running Python 3 and need a list that you can modify, then use:

list(range(x1,x2+1))

Questions:
Answers:

Use list comprehension in python. Since you want 16 in the list too.. Use x2+1. Range function excludes the higher limit in the function.

list=[x for x in range(x1,x2+1)]

Questions:
Answers:

If you are looking for range like function which works for float type, then here is a very good article.

def frange(start, stop, step=1.0):
    ''' "range()" like function which accept float type''' 
    i = start
    while i < stop:
        yield i
        i += step
# Generate one element at a time.
# Preferred when you don't need all generated elements at the same time. 
# This will save memory.
for i in frange(1.0, 2.0, 0.5):
    print i   # Use generated element.
# Generate all elements at once.
# Preferred when generated list ought to be small.
print list(frange(1.0, 10.0, 0.5))    

Output:

1.0
1.5
[1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 6.5, 7.0, 7.5, 8.0, 8.5, 9.0, 9.5]

Questions:
Answers:

assuming you want to have a range between x to y

range(x,y+1)

>>> range(11,17)
[11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16]
>>>

use list for 3.x support