Home » excel » python – From password-protected Excel file to pandas DataFrame

python – From password-protected Excel file to pandas DataFrame

Posted by: admin March 7, 2020 Leave a comment


I can open a password-protected Excel file with this:

import sys
import win32com.client
xlApp = win32com.client.Dispatch("Excel.Application")
print "Excel library version:", xlApp.Version
filename, password = sys.argv[1:3]
xlwb = xlApp.Workbooks.Open(filename, Password=password)
# xlwb = xlApp.Workbooks.Open(filename)
xlws = xlwb.Sheets(1) # counts from 1, not from 0
print xlws.Name
print xlws.Cells(1, 1) # that's A1

I’m not sure though how to transfer the information to a pandas dataframe. Do I need to read cells one by one and all, or is there a convenient method for this to happen?

How to&Answers:

Assuming the starting cell is given as (StartRow, StartCol) and the ending cell is given as (EndRow, EndCol), I found the following worked for me:

# Get the content in the rectangular selection region
# content is a tuple of tuples
content = xlws.Range(xlws.Cells(StartRow, StartCol), xlws.Cells(EndRow, EndCol)).Value 

# Transfer content to pandas dataframe
dataframe = pandas.DataFrame(list(content))

Note: Excel Cell B5 is given as row 5, col 2 in win32com. Also, we need list(…) to convert from tuple of tuples to list of tuples, since there is no pandas.DataFrame constructor for a tuple of tuples.


Assuming that you can save the encrypted file back to disk using the win32com API (which I realize might defeat the purpose) you could then immediately call the top-level pandas function read_excel. You’ll need to install some combination of xlrd (for Excel 2003), xlwt (also for 2003), and openpyxl (for Excel 2007) first though. Here is the documentation for reading in Excel files. Currently pandas does not provide support for using the win32com API to read Excel files. You’re welcome to open up a GitHub issue if you’d like.


from David Hamann’s site (all credits go to him)

Use xlwings, opening the file will first launch the Excel application so you can enter the password.

import pandas as pd
import xlwings as xw

PATH = '/Users/me/Desktop/xlwings_sample.xlsx'
wb = xw.Book(PATH)
sheet = wb.sheets['sample']

df = sheet['A1:C4'].options(pd.DataFrame, index=False, header=True).value


Based on the suggestion provided by @ikeoddy, this should put the pieces together:

How to open a password protected excel file using python?

# Import modules
import pandas as pd
import win32com.client
import os
import getpass

# Name file variables
file_path = r'your_file_path'
file_name = r'your_file_name.extension'

full_name = os.path.join(file_path, file_name)
# print(full_name)

Getting command-line password input in Python

# You are prompted to provide the password to open the file
xl_app = win32com.client.Dispatch('Excel.Application')
pwd = getpass.getpass('Enter file password: ')

Workbooks.Open Method (Excel)

xl_wb = xl_app.Workbooks.Open(full_name, False, True, None, pwd)
xl_app.Visible = False
xl_sh = xl_wb.Worksheets('your_sheet_name')

# Get last_row
row_num = 0
cell_val = ''
while cell_val != None:
    row_num += 1
    cell_val = xl_sh.Cells(row_num, 1).Value
    # print(row_num, '|', cell_val, type(cell_val))
last_row = row_num - 1
# print(last_row)

# Get last_column
col_num = 0
cell_val = ''
while cell_val != None:
    col_num += 1
    cell_val = xl_sh.Cells(1, col_num).Value
    # print(col_num, '|', cell_val, type(cell_val))
last_col = col_num - 1
# print(last_col)

ikeoddy’s answer:

content = xl_sh.Range(xl_sh.Cells(1, 1), xl_sh.Cells(last_row, last_col)).Value
# list(content)
df = pd.DataFrame(list(content[1:]), columns=content[0])

python win32 COM closing excel workbook