Is there some string class in Python like
StringBuilder in C#?
There is no one-to-one correlation. For a really good article please see Efficient String Concatenation in Python:
Building long strings in the Python
progamming language can sometimes
result in very slow running code. In
this article I investigate the
computational performance of various
string concatenation methods.
I have used the code of Oliver Crow (link given by Andrew Hare) and adapted it a bit to tailor Python 2.7.3. (by using timeit package). I ran on my personal computer, Lenovo T61, 6GB RAM, Debian GNU/Linux 6.0.6 (squeeze).
Here is the result for 10,000 iterations:
method1: 0.0538418292999 secs process size 4800 kb method2: 0.22602891922 secs process size 4960 kb method3: 0.0605459213257 secs process size 4980 kb method4: 0.0544030666351 secs process size 5536 kb method5: 0.0551080703735 secs process size 5272 kb method6: 0.0542731285095 secs process size 5512 kb
and for 5,000,000 iterations (method 2 was ignored because it ran tooo slowly, like forever):
method1: 5.88603997231 secs process size 37976 kb method3: 8.40748500824 secs process size 38024 kb method4: 7.96380496025 secs process size 321968 kb method5: 8.03666186333 secs process size 71720 kb method6: 6.68192911148 secs process size 38240 kb
It is quite obvious that Python guys have done pretty great job to optimize string concatenation, and as Hoare said: “premature optimization is the root of all evil” 🙂
Python has several things that fulfill similar purposes:
- One common way to build large strings from pieces is to grow a list of strings and join it when you are done. This is a frequently-used Python idiom.
- To build strings incorporating data with formatting, you would do the formatting separately.
- For insertion and deletion at a character level, you would keep a list of length-one strings. (To make this from a string, you’d call
list(your_string). You could also use a
(c)StringIO.StringIOis useful for things that would otherwise take a file, but less so for general string building.
Using method 5 from above (The Pseudo File) we can get very good perf and flexibility
from cStringIO import StringIO class StringBuilder: _file_str = None def __init__(self): self._file_str = StringIO() def Append(self, str): self._file_str.write(str) def __str__(self): return self._file_str.getvalue()
now using it
sb = StringBuilder() sb.Append("Hello\n") sb.Append("World") print sb
Relying on compiler optimizations is fragile. The benchmarks linked in the accepted answer and numbers given by Antoine-tran are not to be trusted. Andrew Hare makes the mistake of including a call to
repr in his methods. That slows all the methods equally but obscures the real penalty in constructing the string.
join. It’s very fast and more robust.
$ ipython3 Python 3.5.1 (default, Mar 2 2016, 03:38:02) IPython 4.1.2 -- An enhanced Interactive Python. In : values = [str(num) for num in range(int(1e3))] In : %%timeit ...: ''.join(values) ...: 100000 loops, best of 3: 7.37 µs per loop In : %%timeit ...: result = '' ...: for value in values: ...: result += value ...: 10000 loops, best of 3: 82.8 µs per loop In : import io In : %%timeit ...: writer = io.StringIO() ...: for value in values: ...: writer.write(value) ...: writer.getvalue() ...: 10000 loops, best of 3: 81.8 µs per loop
In case you are here looking for a fast string concatenation method in Python, then you do not need a special StringBuilder class. Simple concatenation works just as well without the performance penalty seen in C#.
resultString = "" resultString += "Append 1" resultString += "Append 2"
See Antoine-tran’s answer for performance results